Mayo Clinic pediatric and adolescent physician Philip Fischer, M.D., introduces a patient diagnosed with postural tachycardia syndrome, more commonly known as POTS. To learn more about POTS or to request and appointment, visit http://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-centers/cardiovascular-diseases/overview/specialty-groups/heart-rhythm-clinic/overview?mc_id=global&utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=sm&utm_content=dysrhythmiaheart&utm_campaign=mayoclinic&geo=global&placementsite=enterprise&cauid=103944 POTS is a rapid increase in heart rate that occurs when you stand. POTS is most common in girls between the age of 12 and 20. Symptoms include dizziness or passing out when rising from a seated position, fatigue, and nausea. POTS can sometimes be treated with the use of medications, but symptoms can also be reduced with diet and exercise.
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Visit http://mayocl.in/2gVvkCr for more information on Guillain-Barre care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. The symptoms came on fast. Within weeks the woman you're about to meet went from being completely healthy to lying in the intensive care unit, unable to move, struggling to breathe. A victim of Guillain-Barre syndrome. Listen to her story of sickness and triumph.
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Dr. John Atkinson, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon, explains pituitary tumors. Visit http://mayocl.in/2nTdykj for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Pituitary tumors are typically a benign tumor that presents in a focal area of the nervous system. The pituitary gland controls all of the endocrine functions of the body, from the thyroid to the ovulation. Patients with pituitary symptoms can therefore range broadly. Dr. Atkinson describes the diagnosis and treatment options for pituitary tumors. Mayo Clinic, across its locations in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota, represents one of the largest neurosurgical practices in the world, as well as one of the most comprehensive pituitary tumor practices. Mayo Clinic uses a multispecialty approach. Neuro-radiologists and endocrine specialists use the latest in research and technology to provide the exact care each patient needs.
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Marlow and Frances Cowan, whose piano duet in Mayo Clinic's Gonda Atrium has become a YouTube sensation, tell the story of their visit to Mayo Clinic last September and the story behind their video. They also describe the life philosophy that has guided their 62 years of marriage.
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A living nightmare. That's how the woman you're about to meet describes her experience with a rare disease called myasthenia gravis. Visit http://mayocl.in/2md660k for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. The condition caused her to become so weak she couldn't walk, talk or swallow. After seeing several doctors, she ended up at Mayo Clinic where medication and a minimally invasive approach to surgery helped her regain her strength and her life.
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Memory loss, personality changes, a shrinking ability to do daily tasks. It's not easy to watch a loved one suffer from dementia. It's also not easy at times for doctors to know exactly what kind of dementia a person may have. That's because there's not been a test that can differentiate between, say, Alzheimer's disease and Lewy Body Dementia. Now, researchers at Mayo Clinic have developed a way to look at the living brain and more accurately tell what type of dementia a person has. And this may help get patients on the right treatment.
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Dr. Carola Arndt, a Mayo Clinic oncologist, discusses symptoms, evaluation & diagnoses, and finally treatment of Rhabdomyosarcoma in pediatric patients. Dr. Arndt also discusses Mayo Clinic's involvement in the Children's Oncology Group which studies cancer in children. Through the Children's Oncology Group, Mayo Clinic has access to a number of clinical trials for Rhabdomyosarcoma.
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Dr. Steve Ommen, a cardiologist at Mayo Clinic, discusses Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.
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A new study has found that the amount of vitamin D in patients being treated for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was strongly associated with cancer progression and overall survival. The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology in New Orleans. These are some of the strongest findings yet between vitamin D and cancer outcome, says the studys lead investigator, Matthew Drake, M.D., Ph.D., an endocrinologist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. While these findings are very provocative, they are preliminary and need to be validated in other studies. However, they raise the issue of whether vitamin D supplementation might aid in treatment for this malignancy, and thus should stimulate much more research. The researchers study of 374 newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients found that 50 percent had deficient vitamin D levels based on the commonly used clinical value of total serum 25(OH)D less than 25 ng/mL. Patients with deficient vitamin D levels had a 1.5-fold greater risk of disease progression and a twofold greater risk of dying, compared to patients with optimal vitamin D levels after accounting for other patient factors associated with worse outcomes. In this video, Dr. Drake as well as study co-authors Thomas Witzigm M.D. and Robert Cerhan, M.D., Ph.D discuss the research.
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Dr. Michael Link, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon, describes symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for acoustic neuroma. Visit http://mayocl.in/2nEvWeC for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Acoustic neuroma is a rare, benign tumor that arises from the hearing imbalance nerve. It affects 2 to 4 people per 100,000. Symptoms may include hearing loss, balance issues, vertigo, facial numbness, and/or swallowing trouble. Dr. Link outlines the various treatment options for acoustic neuromas, including surgical approaches and focused radiation.
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Occasional bouts of heartburn are nothing to worry about. But if you get it frequently you're at a higher risk of developing Barrett's esophagus which in rare cases can lead to esophageal cancer. Doctors at Mayo Clinic have studied a new treatment for Barrett's that may significantly reduce your chances of developing esophageal cancer.
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Mayo Clinic gastroenterologist and celiac disease specialist Joseph Murray, M.D. describes the findings of Mayo Clinic research published July 1, 2009 in the journal Gastroenterology concerning the increased prevalence of celiac disease and the higher mortality for people who have celiac disease but don't know it. http://newsblog.mayoclinic.org/2009/06/29/celiac-disease-prevalence-and-mortality/
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She was young, in a great marriage with baby number two on the way. Then she got the bad news. A rare cancer had formed in her pelvis. Getting rid of the cancer would mean not only removing part of her pelvis, but also part of her spine and her entire left leg. For treatment, Janis Ollson went to Mayo Clinic where doctors performed a first-ever reconstructive operation in hopes that she would walk again.
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Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon Richard Berger, M.D., Ph.D., describes the process that led him to discover a common cause of mysterious wrist pain, called a split tear of the ulnotriquetal (UT) ligament. To learn more, visit http://mayocl.in/2gONRNo.
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Mayo Clinic Cardiologist Charles J. Bruce, M.D., discusses Marfan syndrome. Topics include an overview of the condition, diagnosis, and treatment options.
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Dr. Fredric Meyer, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon discusses Moyamoya disease and what to look for when seeking care for Moyamoya disease. Visit http://mayocl.in/2ojVQI1 for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Dr. Meyer explains this progressive disease that impacts patients of all ages. Moyamoya disease causes the arteries at the base of the skulls undergo a slowly progressive occlusion. This may cause strokes, bleeding or seizures.Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for Moyamoya disease are discussed. Mayo Clinic specializes in complex surgical interventions for patients with Moyamoya disease. The multidisciplinary team at Mayo Clinic includes a neurologist who specializes in stroke as well as neurosurgeons that specialize in microvascular techniques.
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Dr. Giuseppe Lanzino, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon, summarizes the results of a review of the most current studies dealing with medical, surgical, and endovascular treatment of carotid artery stenosis. To learn more about the treatment of carotid artery disease or stenosis at Mayo Clinic, visit http://mayocl.in/2zRdsN8
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After seeing numerous medical professionals in her hometown for a stabbing pain in her face, Amy Abts was referred to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. where she saw a neurologist who diagnosed her with Trigeminal Neuralgia. Visit http://mayocl.in/2ruJNJT for more information on trigeminal neuralgia or to request an appointment. Trigeminal neuralgia is a rare condition named for the three-part (trigeminal) nerve. It is this nerve that delivers sensations to the face.
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Dr. Richard Berger describes the ulnar fovea sign, a simple test he developed that has 93 percent specificity in diagnosing a type of mysterious wrist pain that can be surgically repaired with a 95 percent success rate. To learn more, visit http://mayocl.in/2xB5pD9.
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You may have heard of the so-called Mayo Clinic Diet. The truth is, Mayo Clinic has never been associated with a dietary program. Until now. Find out more at http://www.mayoclinic.com/diet?mc_id=us&utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=sm&utm_content=video&utm_campaign=mayoclinic&geo=national&placementsite=enterprise&cauid=100504
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Whether it be flying to the scene of a car accident or transporting a critically ill patient to a specialty hospital by helicopter or fixed-wing aircraft, the flight nursing specialty requires an experienced and skilled professional to make split-second decisions during intense situations.
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This is a story about beating the odds. The woman you're about to meet was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and told she had months to live. But before she had major surgery and chemotherapy to try to keep the devastating disease at bay, she got a second opinion. A new diagnosis with the promise of life.
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Joseph Murray, M.D., a Mayo Clinic gastroenterologist and specialist in celiac disease, offers an overview of celiac disease and its symptoms as well as its diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Murray led a recent Mayo Clinic study of celiac disease, the results of which become public on July 1, 2009. This video provides background and provides context for those study findings.
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Over the last decade, medicine has seen great advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Many people with the disease are living longer and many are cured. That's thanks to cancer research and people who are willing to make sacrifices. Sacrifices such as donating bone marrow. To request an appointment, visit http://mayocl.in/2xB5WF9.
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Abygail and Madysen Fitterer, formerly conjoined twins who were successfully separated at Mayo Clinic on January 3, 2007, returned to Mayo Clinic yesterday for their twice-annual check-ups. Their mother Suzy says "we have two normal two-year olds," as this video attests.
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Abby Kuhlmann (age 11) had heart surgery on Friday, May 29, 2009 at Mayo Clinic to repair an atrial septal defect. Her dad shot this video of her on Sunday afternoon, providing a tour of her hospital room and showing how quickly she was able to recover from heart surgery because of new methods that involve smaller incisions.
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Dr. Joon Uhm, a Mayo Clinic neuro-oncologist and brain tumor specialist, describes symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors. Visit http://mayocl.in/2oq3ehI for more information on brain tumor care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Symptoms depend on the tumor location, size and growth rate. Symptoms of a brain tumor may include personality changes, lapses in memory, strength and coordination. A diagnosis from scans is typically followed by surgery to either remove or biopsy the brain tumor. Treatment after surgery falls into two categories: radiation and chemotherapy. Sometimes the two are used in combination. Mayo Clinic uses the genetic composition of brain tumors to customize treatment for each individual patient. Mayo Clinic’s teams of physicians, surgeons and scientists combine a cross-disciplinary approach and cutting-edge research to do what is best for each patient.
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Cancer of the esophagus is like many other types of cancer. It's often curable if caught early. Treatment for esophagus cancer, even in the early stage, has traditionally been surgery — removal of the entire esophagus. But now, doctors at Mayo Clinic are using minimally invasive endoscopies to treat early cancers. Patients have the procedure and go home the very same day.
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Dr. Michael Link, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon, describes symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for hemifacial spasm. Visit http://mayocl.in/2zQJ9pE for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Hemifacial spasm is a rare disorder which typically starts as a faint twitching around one eye, and over time it spreads to involve the entire face. This is typically in the form of a characteristic, rhythmic twitching. Hemifacial spasm is typically not painful, but can interfere with daily life, such as social situations. Dr. Link discusses specific tests that are sometimes used to diagnose hemifacial spasm. He also outlines various treatment options, including medications, injections and surgery.
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Crohn's Disease is a chronic, inflammatory condition of the intestinal tract that can cause diarrhea, stomach pain, joint pain and fatigue. Many people with Crohn's are women of childbearing age. It used to be that these women were warned that pregnancy could make the disease much worse, and some avoided having children. But now, newer medications mean that many women with Crohn's don't need to fear pregnancy for themselves or for their babies.
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Visit http://mayocl.in/2o1cpIu for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. Epilepsy is a disease that can control your life. For example, the man you're about to meet had to give up his driver's license, his job and much of his social life because of uncontrolled seizures. But a new device being researched at Mayo Clinic is giving him hope. It's like a pacemaker for your brain that may stop seizures before they happen.
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Results of a Long QT Syndrome study in the current issue of Circulation play an important role in understanding genetic testing's role in diagnosing disease, according to the senior author, Michael Ackerman, M.D., Ph.D., the Mayo Clinic pediatric cardiologist who directs Mayo's Long QT Syndrome Clinic and is the director of the Mayo Clinic Windland Smith Rice Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory. LQTS is a disorder of the electrical system of the heart and affects 1 in 2,500 people. In the multi-center study that involved Dr. Arthur Wilde in the Netherlands and scientists from PGxHealth, genetic testing results of nearly 400 "slam dunk" LQTS patients and nearly 1,400 healthy volunteers showed that there is a background noise rate of rare variants present in about 4 percent of healthy Caucasian volunteers and that mutation type and mutation location are critical determinants to distinguish this background noise from true LQTS-causative mutations, Dr. Ackerman says. "Our research shows that genetic testing is just one piece of the information a physician needs to look at," he says. The results demonstrate that genetic testing does not give a "yes or no" answer for LQTS or other diseases, and it means that physicians need to meticulously interpret this particular diagnostic test with the same scrutiny and tenacity as any other diagnostic test, such as the electrocardiogram (ECG). "It's proving what we've long know in genetic testing circles -- that these are not binary tests but are probabilistic tests whereby some test results are going to provide 'no-doubt-about-it' diease mutations. Whereas other test results may report a mutation whose pathogenicity is uncertain." The Circulation paper is another critical piece in the maturation of LQTS genetic testing from discovery, translation, implementation and now post-implementation interpretation, Dr. Ackerman says. First clinically described in 1957, it took until 1995 until the first genes were discovered. In 2004, the first clinically available test for LQTS became available in North America. In LQTS, approximately 5 percent to 10 percent of the time, its first symptom is sudden death, often related to physical exertion or auditory triggers such as an alarm clock. However, most cases can be diagnosed following warning signs (sudden, without warning, fainting spells or concerning family history) that suggest its potential presence and from objective data derived from an electrocardiogram (ECG), exercise or adrenalin stress testing, and genetic testing. Mayo Clinic and Dr. Ackerman have a financial interest in LQTS technology. This technology has been licensed to a commercial entity and both Mayo Clinic and Dr. Ackerman receive royalties from that license.
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A study led by Mayo Clinic researchers found that relief of pain from vertebral compression fractures, as well as improvement in pain-related dysfunction, were similar in patients treated with vertebroplasty and those treated with simulated vertebroplasty without cement injections. Visit http://mayocl.in/2oqb3no for more information on care at Mayo Clinic or to request an appointment. The article, ""A Randomized Controlled Trial of Vertebroplasty for Osteoporotic Spine Fractures,"" was released in 2009 in the New England Journal of Medicine. Vertebroplasty is a widely applied procedure in which medical cement is injected into the spine to relieve pain and improve function in patients who have osteoporotic fractures. This study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, was the first of its kind, using a double-blinded research model to examine the impact of vertebroplasty. ""Though the medical community has been using vertebroplasty for many years, there were no research results to prove whether the efficacy of the treatment relates to the cement injections, patient expectations, or other factors,"" says the study's leader, David Kallmes, M.D., a Mayo Clinic physician who specializes in radiology and neurosurgery. ""The cement is a permanent medical implant, and there is some concern that it places patients at future risk for additional spinal fractures.""
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After spending most of the last decade in and out of physicians offices looking for solutions to her medical problems, Cindy Hansen turned to the Mayo Clinic for answers. She was very tired and very ill, but her symptoms werent related to any specific illness. Cindy was told that she might have fibromyalgia, hyperthyroidism, Lyme disease or Lupus or Diabetes. The McKinney, Texas resident finally made an appointment last fall at Mayo Clinic-Jacksonville to have a complete medical evaluation after her primary care doctor in Texas encouraged it. It was the happiest day of my life when I got a call from the Mayo Clinic in Florida telling me that I could be seen there, Cindy said recently when she was visiting family and friends in Minnesota. We didnt get shuffled around and we received an immediate response after seeking an appointment online through the Mayo Clinics website. Cindy and her husband Dave packed their bags and headed for Jacksonville not knowing what lied ahead, but confident that their journey was leading them on the right path. It was on their fourth day there, Cindy says, that she received the diagnosis. After ruling out a number of medical conditions, Kevin Landolfo, M.D., a cardiothoracic surgeon, revealed the news. Cindy had three clogged arteries and would need to undergo further tests to determine whether her arteries could be opened with stents or whether she would need to have bypass surgery. Cindy reveals the treatment route she needed to take and recalls her experience as a Mayo Clinic patient in the following video clip.
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Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a new technique known as STATISCOM to identify seizure origins in the brain. The increased accuracy of STATISCOM over the SISCOM technique, used previously, improves surgical accuracy and increases probability of seizure freedom for patients with epilepsy. The new technique will be described in the January 2010 issue of Neurology. Epilepsy is a disorder characterized by the occurrence of two or more seizures, and it affects more than 3 million Americans. About 10 percent of patients with epilepsy have very frequent seizures that are not controlled by medication and adversely affect their quality of life, says Elson So, M.D., a Mayo Clinic epileptologist and an author of this paper. These patients should be evaluated for epilepsy surgery. In doing so, it is imperative that we can clearly and distinctively pinpoint seizure location in the brain. In many cases, the standard tests of MRI and EEG cannot do so. Mayo Clinic researchers had previously developed SISCOM, or subtraction ictal SPECT coregistered to MRI, as a tool for epilepsy surgery evaluation. In this method, a SPECT, or single-photon emission computerized tomography, scan taken during a seizure is compared with a resting scan. The differences in the two scans are mapped onto an MRI, highlighting the active seizure area(s). Mayo Clinic researchers understood that a limitation of SISCOM is that it does not account for the normal variation in blood flow in a patients brain from minute-to-minute. This led to the development of STATISCOM, or statistical ictal SPECT coregistered to MRI. STATISCOM adds the step of considering these normal ariations, and factors this into the subtraction process. The result is a more accurate identification of the active seizure area(s) in a patients brain. Every individuals brain waves, blood flow and heart rate vary from minute to minute, even second to second, says Dr. So. By recognizing this with STATISCOM, we are able to show a result that is much more distinctive and clear with regard to seizure localization. In fact, the accuracy of the hot spot within the temporal lobe is nearly three times better with STATISCOM than with SISCOM. In a Mayo Clinic study comparing SISCOM and STATISCOM, the ability of blinded reviewers to detect an abnormality with STATISCOM was two times better than their ability to detect the same abnormality with SISCOM. If we are able to pinpoint seizure location with STATISCOM, and if that finding corresponds with the patients MRI and EEG studies, the likelihood of that patient benefiting from surgery is about twice greater than if the seizures cannot be localized with these means, says Dr. So. Thus, STATISCOM is a powerful tool that will help us improve surgical accuracy and increase the probability of seizure freedom in our patients.
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Research shows that screening for colorectal cancer saves lives. That's because screening can catch cancer early, while it's still curable. But let's face it, having a colonoscopy to look for cancer or precancerous polyps is not fun. Doctors at Mayo Clinic have studied and improved upon a non-invasive screening test that requires no preparation or procedure. The test detects cancer or precancerous polyps by measuring DNA in your stool.
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Few words can capture the grief a family feels when they lose a child. The family you're about to meet said good-bye to two-year-old Makayla when she died from a rare genetic disorder. Many genetic disorders can be caught early if babies are screened for them soon after birth. But newborn screening did not include the disorder Makayla had. And while there's no known cure for that condition, her family is passionate about promoting newborn screening in hopes of saving lives.
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Dr. Sunanda Kane discusses women with Crohn's disease who want to get pregnant, issues around the time of birth, and breast feeding. Also discusses taking medications for Crohn's disease during pregnancy and questions surrounding the chance of passing along Crohn's disease to the baby.
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Jesse and Amy Carlsen of Fargo, North Dakota returned to Mayo Clinic this week with daughters Abbigail and Isabelle for the formerly conjoined twins' annual check-up. Abby and Belle were separated at Mayo Clinic in May 2006 in a day-long operation. The family is scheduled to be featured Sunday night on NBC's Dateline, with a replay of the 20-minute segment on the twins' separation and a 10-minute update. In this video, a reporter and photographer from the Rochester Post-Bulletin interview the family.
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