Watch more Great Craft Ideas videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/165906-How-to-Turn-a-Large-Sock-into-a-Tiny-Dog-Sweater All you need is an oversize sock to whip up an adorable sweater for a tiny dog. Step 1: Put on his hat Take the toe piece and put it on his head, pulling his ears through the slits. Step 2: Go for a walk Take him for a walk so he can show off his spiffy new outfit. Step 3: Remove the top Cut off the top of the sock, the part with the elastic, and discard. Step 4: Cut a slit Lay the sock on a flat surface so that it's in the shape of a "J." Fold the heel over and make a one-inch cut through both layers. Unfold and enlarge the slits if necessary so your dog's legs will fit through. Tip Roll down the top of the sock to make a turtleneck. Step 5: Cut the toe Cut off the toe of the sock, just past the seam. Fold the open edge over about an inch and make a small slit through both layers. Unfold and enlarge the slits if necessary to fit over your dog's ears. Step 6: Dress your dog Slide the sock over your dog’s body so that the top of the sock is around his neck. Pull his two front legs through the slits you cut in the heel of the sock. Did You Know? Seventy-three percent of Americans surveyed said they would go into debt to provide for their pet’s well-being.
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Watch more Skin Care 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/150899-How-to-Create-Fuller-Lips-with-Face-Yoga Get beautiful bee-stung lips with daily facial exercises that stimulate the production of collagen. Step 1: Be hydrated Drink a glass of water and dab on a little lip balm. Performing facial exercises when you’re dehydrated can lead to wrinkling. Step 2: Start with “The Marilyn” Do 'The Marilyn,' as in Monroe, by puckering up your lips, pressing them firmly against your hand for a second or two, then pulling your hand away and blowing a kiss into the air. Repeat up to 15 times. Keep your forehead smooth as you do this. Tip Do these exercises in the mirror until you’re certain you’re doing them without scrunching up other areas of your face. Step 3: Go blow smoke Form an 'O' and exhale. Repeat 10 times. Step 4: Pout like a spoiled princess Clamp your lips shut, screw them into a spoiled princess pout, hold for 10 seconds, and relax. Repeat three times. Tip To give your whole face a lift, smile big, part your lips, and open your eyes wide. Hold for 10 seconds; repeat three times. Step 5: Do “The Satchmo”) To plump lips, suck in air through your nose and then hold your breath as you blow air back and forth between your cheeks for about 10 seconds, as if you’re swishing mouthwash around. Then exhale like you’re blowing a horn. Repeat three times. Step 6: Tap your lips When you’re finished with your exercises, use your index and middle finger to tap firmly on your lips five times to bring out some color. Did You Know? Like fingerprints, no two lip impressions are exactly alike.
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Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217693-How-to-Survive-a-School-or-Office-Shooting Nobody thinks it’s going to happen to them – until it does. Be prepared to survive a shooting rampage, just in case. Step 1: Run Run first; ask questions later. Don’t miss your opportunity to escape by wasting time debating whether that noise was really a gunshot. Tip If you’re running from a shooter, run in a zigzag pattern. He’ll have a harder time hitting you, and the odds are even lower he’ll hit a major organ or artery. Step 2: Barricade the door If you’re trapped in a building with a shooter, lock yourself in a room and barricade the door with heavy furniture. The predator is likely to move on to more accessible victims. Step 3: Find a weapon Find some sort of weapon – a pair of scissors, a letter opener, hot coffee, a stapler, a fire extinguisher. Even if you don’t injure the attacker, you may be able to distract him or throw him off balance. Step 4: Take cover Take cover behind something sturdy, like a file cabinet or a metal desk. Tip Don’t make eye contact with or speak to the shooter. But if he talks to you, respond with an absurd question in the hopes of throwing him off guard. Step 5: Listen for reloading Listen for the 'click' that indicates his revolver is out of bullets, or the metallic clang that means the empty cartridge of his automatic pistol has fallen to the floor. He’ll have to pause to reload, giving you and others a chance to tackle him or escape. Step 6: Slow bleeding If you do get shot, slow the bleeding by keeping direct pressure on the wound. Tip If you think you might pass out from blood loss, place a hard object under your body, just above the wound, and lay on top of it. That way, if you do lose consciousness, your body weight will keep pressure on the wound. Step 7: Fight back If you find yourself unable to avoid a life-or-death struggle with the shooter, go for his most vulnerable areas: gouge his eyes with your index and middle fingers; jab his Adam’s apple; or knee him in the groin. Step 8: Report odd behavior Help prevent shooting rampages in the first place by reporting any odd behavior or threats to someone in authority. Did You Know? Homicide is the second leading cause of death on the job, after motor vehicle accidents.
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Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/258559-How-to-Survive-a-Killer-Bee-Attack Africanized honeybees, also called killer bees, can be far more aggressive than other types. Here's how to survive when they're on the rampage. Warning Seek immediate medical attention if you feel sick, have trouble breathing, experience severe swelling, or exhibit any other signs of an allergic reaction to a bee sting. Step 1: Run Run away as quickly as possible. Avoid swatting or crushing any bees, as this will only worsen the attack. Getting out of there as fast as you can is the best way to neutralize them. Run for at least 100 yards. Tip Don't swat at the bees or wave your arms. Bees are attracted to movements. Step 2: Protect your head As you run, pull your shirt over your head to protect your ears, eyes, nose, and mouth. If you can't do that, use your hands to protect your face, leaving spaces between your fingers so you can see. Step 3: Find shelter Immediately seek the shelter of a building or vehicle. A few bees might follow you indoors, but in a well-lit area the bees can become confused and head for a window. Tip Water does not count as shelter. The bees won't swim, but they'll probably still be waiting for you when you come up for air. Step 4: Get the stingers out Once you reach safety, scrape the stingers out of your skin using your fingernails or any other flat, straight-edged surface. Never pull stingers out with your fingers or tweezers. That will just squeeze more venom into your skin. Step 5: Clean the welts When the stingers are out, clean the welts with soap and water like you would any other wound. Did You Know? The average person can safely tolerate 10 stings per pound of body weight.
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Watch more How to Take Care of a Pet Bird videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217448-How-to-Train-Your-Bird-to-Talk Birds aren't like babies—you can't expect them to pick up speech just by babbling away at them. You need a plan. Step 1: Pick the right breed If you haven’t already bought Tweety, pick a breed that is known for its chattiness. Amazon parrots and African greys are the gabbiest, followed by macaws, male cockatiels, mynahs, and parakeets. Tip Female cockatiels, female budgies, grass parakeets, rosellas, and canaries don’t talk. Step 2: Choose an inquisitive bird Once you’ve narrowed your choices to a talkative breed, focus your attention on choosing a bird that seems alert and interested in what’s going on around him. These are clues that he’ll make a good talker. Step 3: Get a young bird Get a young bird. Like the proverbial old dog who can’t learn new tricks, an older bird is going to have more trouble picking up speech. Step 4: Name that bird Give the bird a name that is no more than two syllables. A longer name reduces the chances that he will learn to say his own name. Step 5: Designate a teacher If you’re married and/or have children, pick one person to teach the bird. If several people are trying to instruct the bird, it will only confuse it. Tip Birds learn more easily from women. Step 6: Time your training Start training at the optimal time. For smaller birds, that’s at four to six months. For bigger birds, wait until they’re six to twelve months. Tip Don’t teach a bird to whistle before training him to talk, or it will make the speech lessons that much harder. Step 7: Keep it simple Start training by saying a few simple words to Tweety, always using them under the same circumstances. For example, you could say 'Good morning' every day when you first rise, and you could reserve 'Bye' for when the bird can see you walk out the door. Step 8: Repeat words Repeat the words several times in each instance. You want the bird to start associating the sound you are making with the context. Step 9: Reward speech Give Tweety a treat every time he repeats something you are teaching him. Tip Remember that birds don’t just repeat what you want them to; they mimic sounds they hear. So if you’re suffering a bout of loud flatulence, or getting ready to rip someone a new one, stay out of Tweety’s earshot. Step 10: Unteach them If Tweety has picked up a bad word, washing his mouth out with soap won’t work. But ignoring him when he repeats the word will, because getting your attention is his main incentive. Step 11: Enjoy Now enjoy chatting with your fine-feathered friend! Did You Know? Talking birds often will imitate your phone’s ring tone because they get a kick out of watching you come running.
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Watch more How to Make the Most of Your Car videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/176467-How-to-Live-in-Your-Car Whether you have to move into your car or you want to, there are some bases you need to cover. Step 1: Furnish your car Furnish your car with blankets (at least one made of wool, for warmth); a couple of pillows; a cooler; a camp stove; and a voltage converter so you can power appliances with your cigarette lighter. Tip Consider removing the passenger and rear seats for more room. Step 2: Know where to park at night Know where you can park at night. Trucker areas off the interstate are usually safe, as are hospital parking lots. Wal-Mart allows RV’s and cars to park in their lots overnight. Tip Never park near a school. Someone is sure to call the authorities. Step 3: Find restrooms Shopping malls, supermarkets, and hospitals are good places to wash up. For a shower, go to a truck stop and ask around for a shower coupon; truckers usually have more than they need and are happy to give some away. Tip A gym membership will allow you to shower regularly. Step 4: Gas up during off hours Buy gas off-hours at stations with convenience stores. When you go to pay, ask if you can use the microwave to nuke a meal, like a baked potato or a frozen entrée. Step 5: Stock non-perishables Stock up on foods that are nutritious and don’t require refrigeration, such as peanut butter, beans, and cereals. Step 6: Stay cool or warm Stay warm in winter with the help of a hot water bottle; stay cool in summer by parking in the shade and spending the hottest part of the day -- noon to two -- in someplace air conditioned, like the library or mall. Did You Know? Mad Money host Jim Cramer once lived in his car for five months.
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Watch more Chakras, Energy, & Psychic Powers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/233193-How-to-Read-Palms Learn how to read a person just by looking at their hand using the ancient art of palmistry. Step 1: Read the dominant hand – the one a person uses to write with; it reveals what's going on now. The passive hand represents a person's inherited characteristics. Tip Markedly different lines on each hand indicate a person who has worked hard to change their basic nature. Step 2: Know how to view the lines: Read horizontal lines from the thumb side across, and vertical lines from the wrist up. Step 3: Start with the top horizontal line, or the heart line. A line that's close to the fingers indicates a passionate, sometimes jealous, person. If the line goes straight across, the person keeps a tight rein on their emotions. If it curves up toward the index finger, the person is more outwardly affectionate. Tip Gaps on the heart line suggest the person has known heartbreak. Short lines that cross the heart line show they are very flirtatious and have a hard time staying faithful. Step 4: Look at the next horizontal line, which is the head line. A strong, straight line that goes all the way across the hand indicates a logical, no-nonsense thinker. A zigzag line represents a mind that tends to wander. If the line curves downward toward the wrist, the person is creative and trusting. Step 5: Examine the third major line, which usually slopes from horizontal to vertical, the life line. A strong, deep line suggests a person who is enthusiastic about life and strives to reach their full potential. A shallow or faint line indicates someone with less ambition. Tip Contrary to popular belief, the life line has nothing to do with how long a person will live. Step 6: Check out the fate line, the vertical line in the center of the palm. A strong, straight line indicates a person with a focused career; a faint line suggests someone less happy with their job. Forks and branches represent many starts and stops in a person's career path. Step 7: Don't like what you're seeing? Remember that your fate is not on your hands but in your hands: The existing lines simply represent what has come before. Did You Know? There is evidence that palm reading began in India about 4,500 years ago.
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Watch more Driving & Car Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/117114-How-to-Escape-a-Car-Sinking-in-Deep-Water It can happen in an instant: Your car ends up in the water, and it’s sinking fast. Here’s how to get out. Step 1: Calm down Stem panic by reminding yourself that your car will usually float for a minute or two before it begins to sink. Use this time to unfasten your seat belt, open the driver-side window or a sunroof, and unlock the doors. Tip As long as you keep your keys in the ignition, the electrical system likely will work until the car is submerged enough for the system to short out. Step 2: Break the window If you were unable to open your side window, break it with your elbow, heels, or -- better still -- anything pointy you have on hand, like a pen or screwdriver. Aim for the center of the window. Don’t bother with the windshield; it's made to be unbreakable. Tip Hardware stores sell tools specifically designed to break car windows in an emergency. Step 3: Undress If the car is sinking slowly, take off your shoes. If you’re wearing jeans and you have time, remove those as well. Both weigh you down, making swimming to the surface more difficult. Step 4: Get out Climb out the window before the car becomes submerged, and swim to the surface. Tip Memorize the acronym POGO: Pop seat belt, Open the window, and Get Out. Step 5: Wait until car fills If you were unable to get out through the window, don’t panic! Let the car fill with water, knowing that once it does, the water pressure inside and out will be equalized, allowing you to open the door and escape. Tip Hang on to the door handle as the car fills with water so you don’t float and become disoriented if the car flips. Step 6: Open the door When the water reaches your chin, take a deep breath and hold it. Then open the door and swim out headfirst. If you’re not sure which way is up, look for bubbles and swim in the direction in which they’re rising. Did You Know? Magician Criss Angel escaped from the locked trunk of a car submerged in a lake as one of his stunts.
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Watch more Singing Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/186496-How-to-Make-Basic-Beatbox-Sounds Step 1: Create a kick drum Make the kick drum sound by expelling pressurized air through your mouth. At the same time, pronounce the letter b without using your voice box. The effect should be punchy while you mouth the "b" sound and expel air simultaneously. Use only the air in your mouth. Tip Vary the b sound by mouthing the letters "bf," "bs" and "bsh" intermittently; combine for an interesting rhythm. Step 2: Create the hi-hat Clench your teeth and expel short bursts of air while making the "t" sound. This is called hi-hat. Keep your tongue against the roof of your mouth and the back of your teeth, maintaining the pressure inside your mouth. Use your tongue to regulate air flow. Tip Experiment with variations like "ts," or by drawing the air for longer periods of time to create a "tssss" sound. Step 3: Be a snare drum Build on the kick drum sound to mimic a snare drum. Expel pressurized air using the same technique, only mouth the letter "p" instead of the kick drum’s "b." Tip Vary the snare drum with "ps," "psh," or "pf" sounds. Emphasize the variations by elongating the sounds: for example, "psssshh" or "pssssffff." Step 4: Crash like a cymbal Use the word ''chish'' to replicate the crash cymbal. Repeat through clenched teeth, without the vowel sound, for a duller crash. Keep your teeth clenched. Step 5: Make a reverse cymbal sound Keep your tongue pressed against the roof of your mouth where your upper teeth meet your palate. Clench your teeth and inhale quickly to create a reverse cymbal. Close your mouth to stop the sound. Step 6: Get hip-hop inspiration Listen to old school hip-hop and try to replicate those beats. Step 7: Develop your sound Develop your own unique sounds by putting all the elements together. Timing and breathing techniques are the secret to impressive beat boxing. Have fun! Did You Know? Standard Beatbox Notation (SBN) is a special set of musical notations created specifically for writing beat box songs.
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Watch more First Aid videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/164491-How-to-Perform-the-Heimlich-Maneuver-Abdominal-Thrusts Abdominal thrusts—also known as the Heimlich maneuver—can be used to expel a foreign object lodged in a choking victim's windpipe. Warning Never practice the Heimlich maneuver on an infant under a year old or on a person who is not choking. You could cause serious injury. Step 1: Confirm choking Confirm the victim is choking. If they are coughing, they are not choking – yet – so encourage them to continue. Signs of choking include the universal hand sign of clutching one's hands to the throat; the inability to cough or speak; labored or noisy breathing; bluish skin, lips, and nails; and loss of consciousness. Tip Don't slap a coughing person on the back – it doesn't help and can make them start to choke. Step 2: Call 911 Once you determine the person is choking, act quickly but calmly. First, send someone to call 911. Step 3: Help the victim stand Help the victim stand, if they're not already on their feet, and stand behind them with your chest to their back. Step 4: Wrap your arms around the victim Wrap your arms around the victim's torso, making a fist with your dominant hand, and center it against the victim's upper abdomen, thumb inward, above the navel and below the rib cage. With your other hand, cover your fist for support. Tip If you cannot reach your arms around their abdomen or if the victim is pregnant, compress their chest between the breasts at the breastbone. Make firm, backward thrusts. Step 5: Thrust inward and upward Quickly thrust inward and slightly upward with your fist, as if you're trying to lift the victim off their feet, causing air to rush out of their lungs. Tip Don't squeeze the rib cage as you thrust upward. Otherwise you could break a bone. Step 6: Repeat Repeat the thrusts until the object dislodges, or the victim loses consciousness. Step 7: Wait for medical help If the object does not come free and the victim loses consciousness, proceed with CPR until EMTs arrive. Step 8: Save yourself To perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself, lean your upper abdomen over a hard horizontal surface (such as a railing or the back of a chair) and use it to deliver strong, upward thrusts. Did You Know? Besides inventing the famous abdominal maneuver, Dr. Henry Heimlich also invented a chest valve that saved thousands of wounded soldiers in Vietnam.
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Watch more How to Improve Your Reading videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/111898-How-to-Speed-Read Improve your efficiency by learning how to read up to three times faster with these proven speed-reading techniques. Step 1: Skim Skim an entire article, chapter, or even book before you begin reading. Take in the title, introduction, any subheadings, and bold-type passages, so that when you start reading, you’ll already know the selection’s main points. Step 2: Let your finger do the walking Lead with your index finger, a pen, or your computer mouse, which keeps your eyes focused and moving ahead. This prevents them from darting around re-reading words, something the average person does to the tune of 20 words per page. Tip Move your pointer at a faster rate than you think you can read, which will retrain your brain by forcing you to keep up. Step 3: Shut up! Stop 'sounding out' each word in your head, or mouthing the words silently, two things many of us learned to do in grade school. U.S. Air Force research shows your brain can recognize a word in less than five-hundredths of a second, while it takes a quarter of a second—five times longer—to say it in your head. Step 4: “Chunk” Learning not to sound out words will help you 'chunk'—a technique that requires you to group together four or five words by skipping articles like 'the' and 'and.' You’ll still get the meaning, since these words aren’t needed for comprehension. Step 5: Keep going Train yourself to stop taking a short pause after each paragraph, something most of us do unconsciously. Tip When reading a passage on a computer screen, try highlighting the text in a dark color and changing the font color to white. Your eyes can more easily read white words on a dark background. Step 6: Practice Practice these techniques for at least 20 minutes a day, starting with books and articles printed in large fonts. As you practice, you’ll learn how to prioritize content, speeding you along even more. Did You Know? John F. Kennedy, a student of speed-reading, told a reporter he could read 1,200 words per minute, although he later admitted to exaggerating that number.
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Watch more Tattoos, Piercings & Other Body Art videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/199158-How-to-Minimize-the-Pain-of-Getting-a-Tattoo Getting a tattoo will never be a walk in the park, but it can be less painful if you take a few simple precautions. Step 1: Go to a licensed tattoo artist who sterilizes their equipment and uses disposable needles and gloves. The discomfort of getting tattooed is nothing compared to the pain of getting an infection from it. Step 2: Schedule your tattoo for the morning. This is when your pain tolerance is highest, thanks to peak levels of adrenaline, a hormone that helps us endure pain. Step 3: Wear loose clothes, especially if they are going to be covering your new tattoo. Step 4: Eat something before you go to reduce the chances of passing out from a combination of nerves and hunger. Step 5: Take a non-aspirin pain reliever like ibuprofen about 20 minutes before the procedure. Tip Don't drink alcohol or take aspirin in the 24 hours beforehand; it will thin your blood, increasing bleeding. Step 6: Choose an area of your body that has more flesh and less bone and nerve endings, like biceps, calves, and thighs, rather than bony areas or nerve centers like the rib cage, top of foot, and abdomen. Step 7: Know what to expect. The pain is often described as a cat scratching your sunburned skin. Breathe deeply, focus on your breath, and try not to move. The post-tattoo pain will feel the same, minus the cat. Step 8: During the procedure, if the pain is intense, your tattoo artist can apply a topical anesthetic. Think carefully before you ask for one; side effects include a longer healing time and a loss of color in the finished product. Warning Applying excess amounts of a high-concentration topical anesthetic and covering up the tattoo afterward can result in seizures. Step 9: Follow the tattoo artist's instructions regarding aftercare. The tattoo should heal in about three weeks, during which time you shouldn't swim or expose it to the sun. After that, go ahead and flaunt it! Did You Know? Democrats are slightly more likely to have tattoos than Republicans and independents.
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Watch more How to Dance videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217848-How-to-Hula-Dance Get a little hula in your life by learning how to do these basic moves. Step 1: Stand facing your mirror with your feet about four inches apart. Bend your knees and put your hands on your hips. Tip Dance on a comfortable surface; the hula is always done barefoot. Step 2: Use this four-beat pattern for your feet. First, step eight inches to the right with your right foot. Second, bring your left foot toward your right without sliding it. Third, step with your right foot again, and fourth, bring your left foot toward your right, tapping the ground on the fourth beat. Switch directions, leading with the left foot. Step 3: Now bring your hips into the four-beat mix. As you step to the right, lower your foot toe-heel and lift your hip; repeat with your left foot and hip. Sway right, then left, right again, and then left again. Repeat to the left side. Tip Keep your knees bent – it helps your hips sway! Step 4: Bend your left arm so your hand is in front of the left side of your chest, palm facing down, fingers together and gently extended. Extend your right arm away from your body at shoulder level and keep your elbow slightly bent, your palm down, and your fingers together. Step 5: Without letting your left arm touch your chest, bend your elbows and wrists so they are swaying in a wave motion. On the first step to the left, switch so the left arm is extended and the right arm is in front of your right breast. Repeat. Tip As you move, keep your body relaxed but your shoulders still. Step 6: Look out at your extended hand while you're dancing. If mele, or traditional song, accompanies your dance, use your face and eyes to tell the story of the song. And don’t forget to smile! Hula dancing is for celebrations. Did You Know? 19th-century Christian missionaries urged Hawaiian women to replace the hula skirt with a high-necked, long-sleeved gown called a holoku.
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Watch more Flying Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/185854-How-to-Cope-with-a-Fear-of-Flying Are you scared to death every time you step on a plane? There are things you can do to reduce your anxiety that don't involve Valium or a pitcher of Margaritas. Step 1: Familiarize yourself with airplane safety Familiarize yourself with airplane safety measures. Commercial airliners have more than one back-up system for every piece of equipment that could fail, and they receive 12 hours of maintenance on the ground for every hour spent in the air. Step 2: Sit over the wing Request a seat over the wing. The ride is smoothest and most quiet there. Step 3: Bring diversions Bring aboard as many diversions as you can think of—an engaging book, puzzles, good music, a stack of magazines, a variety of snacks, a DVD player. You want your mind so occupied that you won’t notice every in-flight hiccup. Tip If you run out of things to do, talk to the person next to you. Step 4: Alert the flight attendant Tell the flight attendant that you’re a nervous flyer as soon as you board. He or she will take the time to reassure you about any odd sounds or sensations. Tip Fight the urge to use sedatives on a flight. They double your risk of developing deep vein thrombosis, a potentially fatal blood clot, and the threat lasts for four weeks. Step 5: Dismiss turbulence Stop panicking that the plane is going down every time you hit a little bump. Airliners are designed to withstand more turbulence that Mother Nature is capable of creating. In fact, turbulence has never taken down a commercial airliner. Step 6: Meditate Take some deep breaths whenever your morbid imagination begins to trump your common sense: Inhale slowly through your nose as your stomach expands, then exhale gently. Tip For an instant tension releaser, do the Ten-Second Grip—squeeze your armrests as hard as you can while tensing your stomach and leg muscles. Hold for ten seconds and release. Repeat until you’re calm. Step 7: Reassure yourself Reassure yourself that the pilots are well equipped to deal with any situation—their training is comparable in time and intensity to that of a medical doctor. Air traffic controllers undergo rigorous instruction, too. Step 8: Repeat this mantra If all else fails, repeat this mantra: 'My chance of being in a plane crash this year is about 11 million to one.' It’s far, far safer than driving! Did You Know? Passengers sitting at the back of a plane are 40% more likely to survive a crash than those sitting in the front. Take that, First Class.
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Watch more How to Make Soap videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/85845-How-to-Turn-Soap-Slivers-into-a-New-Bar-Of-Soap Recycle your soap odds and ends into a beautiful new bar. Step 1: Gather soap odds and ends Accumulate soap odds and ends until you have at least a cupful. Step 2: Soak the slivers Put the slivers into a small saucepan, cover them with water, and let them soak for about a day, stirring the mixture now and then. Step 3: Boil some soap soup Bring your soap soup to a boil, stirring it occasionally and keeping an eye on it, so it doesn’t burn. Step 4: Add oil Remove it from the heat, and stir in a tablespoon of olive or vegetable oil for each cup of liquid. Tip Mix in a few teaspoons of uncooked oatmeal for an exfoliating bar, and the zest of a lemon, lime, or orange for a nice citrus scent. You can also add a few drops of food coloring. Step 5: Let it cool Pour your concoction into lightly greased muffin tins, cardboard boxes, or plastic molds from craft stores, and let them harden. Step 6: Cut cool designs Cut the new bars into any size or shape you like with a knife. Did You Know? The average person uses 656 bars of soap in his lifetime.
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Watch more Weight Loss Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218396-How-to-Lose-2-Pounds-Per-Week Warning Always consult a physician before attempting to do any exercise or diet plan. Step 1: Reduce calorie intake Reduce your calorie intake. One pound of fat contains approximately 3,500 calories. To lose two pounds per week, you will have to burn or decrease your daily calorie intake by 1,000 calories. Step 2: Exercise Exercise for 30 minutes a day to burn calories and build muscle. The more muscle you have, the more calories you burn. Step 3: Drink water Drink plenty of cold water. It helps increase your metabolism. Six to eight glasses a day is recommended. Tip Avoid drinking high-calorie sugary beverages such as sodas, juice, sports drinks, and alcoholic beverages, which contribute to weight gain. Step 4: Eat fruits and vegetables Eat a low-calorie, low-fat diet. Choose foods high in fiber such as fruits, vegetables, and grains to help you feel full longer. Step 5: Limit portions Watch your food portions, especially with foods high in calories and fat. Tip When dining out, ask your server to portion half your meal in a to-go container so you’re not tempted to overeat. Step 6: Eat breakfast Eat breakfast. It gives you energy, jumpstarts your metabolism, and helps keep you from overeating later in the day. Did You Know? Being overweight puts you at a higher risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
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Watch more Cooking Equipment videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/155609-How-to-Turn-a-Pizza-Box-into-a-Solar-Oven Save that last slice of pizza! You can reheat it in its own container, using the sun's power. Step 1: Draw a square Using the ruler and black marker, draw a square on your pizza-box lid, leaving a 1-inch border from the edge of the box to each side of the square. Step 2: Form the flap With the box cutter or utility knife, cut through three sides of the square you just drew, leaving the line at the rear of the box attached. Fold the flap back so that it stands up when the pizza-box lid is closed. Step 3: Cover the flap with foil Cover the underside of the flap with heavy-duty aluminum foil, which will reflect sunlight into the oven. Glue the foil to the flap, smooth out wrinkles, and cut off any excess. Step 4: Tape plastic sheet With the scissors, cut two square pieces of clear plastic wrap, each 1 square inch larger than the flap opening. Open the pizza box, and tape one piece of plastic to the underside of the hole so that the plastic covers it. Step 5: Tape second plastic sheet Close the lid, and tape the second plastic sheet over the top of the hole, creating a window that helps keep the sun’s heat in the box. Pull both sheets taut as you tape them. Tip Maintaining an airtight box is crucial in keeping the oven hot. Step 6: Layer the bottom with foil Glue or tape a layer of aluminum foil to the inside bottom of your pizza box for insulation. Step 7: Cover with black paper Cover the foil layer in the box with sheets of black construction paper and glue them into place. The black base will absorb light and generate more heat inside your oven. Step 8: Find best angle Close the lid, and you’re ready to start cooking! On a bright day, place your solar oven outside in direct sunlight. Adjust the foil flap to find the best ray-reflecting angle, and use the ruler, a stick, or a hard-plastic straw to keep the flap propped in place. Tip If you want to test the reflective angles of your oven before you head outside, shine a laser pointer onto the foil flap to simulate rays of sunlight. Step 9: Preheat Preheat your oven by leaving it in direct sunlight for 30 minutes. The box’s temperature will reach about 200 degrees, so while you won’t be able to cook a roast, you can reheat cooked food, melt cheese or chocolate, or—if you have all day—prepare a veggie stew. Step 10: Cook Whatever you decide to cook, place it—on its own, or in a heat-safe container—in the center of the oven, so that it is directly under the plastic-wrap window. Close the lid, leaving the flap propped open, and check on your food every 15 to 30 minutes. Did You Know? Earth receives more energy from the sun in one hour than our entire planet uses in a year.
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Watch more Office Survival Guide videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/155183-How-to-Feng-Shui-Your-Workspace Lure luck your way at your workplace by arranging things according to the ancient Chinese design philosophy known as feng shui. Step 1: Get rid of clutter De-clutter your desk and workspace, which is the most important thing you can do to balance the chi—or energy—in your office. Step 2: Toss or fix anything broken Repair or get rid of anything that’s broken—like a pen that’s out of ink or a flickering desk lamp. They block your chi. Step 3: Get a plant Put a plant on your desk to absorb energy-draining emissions from your computer. Just avoid cacti, whose pointy needles attract negative energy. Tip Try an orchid if your job requires you to suffer fools gladly. Feng shui experts believe orchids are symbols of patience. Step 4: Have a view of the door The placement of your desk and chair should allow you to see who’s coming into the room. Business and opportunity symbolically come to you through the door; so don’t turn your back on it. If you can, position your desk so a solid wall is behind you. Tip To 'watch your back' even more effectively, make sure your chair has proper back support. Step 5: Get a fountain or fishbowl Place a desktop fountain or fish bowl on or near your desk. These decorations activate the water element, inviting the flow of money and success. Feng shui aside, fish and fountains are relaxing. They’ll help calm you down when you’re stressed. Step 6: Use the right colors Use desk accessories and office supplies in blues, purples, and reds, which are the colors of calm, creativity, and recognition. Black is the color of money, so use a black briefcase or laptop bag. Step 7: Arrange family photos To promote harmony, place pictures of loved ones on the upper-right corner of your desk. Step 8: Keep garbage away Keep your wastebasket as far away from your desk as possible. If you must have one, place it at the bottom-left corner of your desk. Step 9: Adjust the lighting If your office has overhead, fluorescent lighting, try getting one of the bulbs removed to decrease the lighting intensity. Then, add a desk lamp that provides the right amount of lighting for your work area. Did You Know? Disney executives consulted a feng shui master when building Hong Kong Disneyland in 2005, leading them to place several waterfalls around the park to accumulate luck and wealth.
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Watch more Paper Crafts videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/180137-How-to-Make-a-PapierMache-Mask Make a papier-mache mask for Halloween, a masquerade party, Carnival time, or anytime! Step 1: Protect table and clothes Cover your workspace with an old tablecloth or sheets of newspaper, and wear something to protect your clothes, like a smock. Step 2: Cut the jug With strong scissors, cut the plastic jug in half lengthwise. Turn the jug upside-down: The handle will serve as the mask's nose. Cut holes for your eyes and mouth with a craft knife. Cut a small hole on each side of the mask, at ear level, for an elastic band. Step 3: Make paper strips Tear newspaper and white computer paper into strips about one inch by six inches. Shredding the paper by hand works better than cutting it. You’ll need enough pieces to cover your mask with three layers of newspaper and one layer of computer paper, plus some extra paper for molding facial features. Step 4: Mix up some paste Whisk two cups of flour and one cup of water into a paste, adding a bit more of either, if needed, to reach a gluey consistency. Tip You can also use glue thinned out with water. Step 5: Dip and press One by one, dip a newspaper strip into the paste, shake off the excess, and lay it flat against the mask horizontally, taking care not to cover the holes. Overlap each strip with a new one. When you've finished the first layer, let it dry completely before putting on the next one. This time, apply the strips vertically. Tip If you’re putting away your project for the night, store the unused paste in the refrigerator. The next day, microwave it for one minute before using. Step 6: Create a face Apply the strips for the third layer horizontally. After you’ve applied three layers, mold some of the newspaper strips into features, like cheekbones and eyebrows. Step 7: Apply the final layer Make the last layer out of the torn computer paper, applying the strips vertically. The white paper will give you a blank canvas for creating your character. Tip If you live in a damp climate, you can dry the mask on a lightly oiled cookie sheet in an oven set to warm. Check on the mask after about 30 minutes. Step 8: Decorate When the mask is completely dry, decorate it with paint, feathers, glitter, sequins, beads, fabric, rhinestones, or whatever will make it your own! Did You Know? At 12 to 16 feet tall and several feet wide, the Igbo ijele mask is one of the largest ceremonial masks made in Africa.
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Watch more How to Do Fun Tech & Science Projects videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/185837-How-to-Dust-for-Fingerprints Ever wanted to find out who stole the cookie from the cookie jar? Take a page from crime scene investigators and get the proof you need. Step 1: Fill balloon halfway with water Fill the balloon halfway with water from the tap. Remove from the faucet and fill the other half with air. Tie it off. Step 2: Hold balloon over candle Light a candle. Hold the balloon at the knot end and dangle it above the flame, so the tip of the flame touches it. After 15 to 30 seconds, the smoke from the candle will collect as soot on the balloon's surface. Step 3: Collect the soot from the balloon Using the brush, collect some of the carbon soot from the balloon. Step 4: Brush the soot onto the fingerprint Brush the area you want to search for fingerprints, coating it lightly with soot. If you need more soot, hold the balloon over the flame again until you get enough soot to dust with. Tip The smoother the surface, the better the fingerprinting results will be. Step 5: Identify a fingerprint Look for the patterns and swirls that identify a fingerprint. The oils in the print will make more of the carbon stick than the areas directly around it. Step 6: Collect the fingerprint Once you've located a print and it's covered in soot, place a piece of clear tape over it. When you remove the tape, the fingerprint will be stuck to it! Did You Know? About 40,000 fingerprints are added to the FBI's database every day.
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Watch more How to Get into College videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217927-How-to-Transfer-from-Community-College-to-a-FourYear-University Starting at a community college before going to a four-year school makes good financial sense because the tuition is generally much lower. Keep a few things in mind if you want to make a switch. Step 1: Plan ahead Investigate the policies of four-year schools you'd like to attend. Some universities accept all transfer credits from accredited community colleges, while others will only take certain courses. And a few don't accept transfer credits at all. Tip Make sure your community college is accredited – universities only take credits from schools formally recognized by a regional, national, or professional agency. Verify this information at "ope.ed.gov/accreditation":http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation. Step 2: Talk to an adviser and a career counselor Talk to your adviser and a career counselor at your community college. They can make the process go more smoothly by providing a recommendation and explaining the details to you. Step 3: Take the basics If you don't know where you want to transfer when you start, make sure to sign up for courses at your community college that are likely to transfer for credit. For instance, nearly every university will take credits from English composition, lab sciences, and a nonremedial math class. Step 4: Think about a major Even if you haven't declared a major yet, narrow your interests to one field and take related courses. It will demonstrate to universities that you're focused. Step 5: Make the grade Keep your grades up – you'll need them to transfer to your university of choice. Some state schools offer guaranteed admission to students with high grade point averages from certain community colleges. Step 6: Meet with your top schools Contact the admissions offices of the schools you'd like to attend for information, and ask them exactly what you need to do to be considered. Step 7: Look into financial aid Check out all your options for loans, grants, and scholarships. Talk with the financial aid offices at all of the colleges you are seriously considering. Also, look online. Type "financial aid," your state, and the university into a search engine, or head to "fafsa.ed.gov":http://fafsa.ed.gov for federal aid options. Step 8: Apply When you have enough credits, apply for your transfer. All schools have different admission requirements and deadlines, but you'll likely have to fill out an application, provide copies of your high school and college transcripts, and submit recommendations. Have your adviser look over everything before sending it off. Good luck! Did You Know? Twenty-two percent of the nation's two-year public college students are enrolled in California.
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Watch more How to Use Adobe Flash videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218247-How-to-Create-an-Adobe-Flash-Web-Site Spice up your online presence by creating your own Flash site. Here's how. Step 1: Create new Flash document In the Adobe Flash program, select "Flash File (Actionscript 3.0)" from the "Create New" menu. Switch the workspace layout by clicking on the dropdown menu in the upper left of the top menu bar, and selecting "Designer." You can adjust the size and color of the document by adjusting the settings in the "Properties" panel. Step 2: Create new layers Divide your Flash document into four layers: Actions, Background, Menu, and Pages. To do this, go to the Flash timeline, and click three times on the "New Layer" icon so you have four layers total. Rename each one by double-clicking on the name, or holding the mouse down on a Mac. Step 3: Adding a background To add a background image, select the Background layer from the timeline. Then, go to File, Import, and Import to Stage, and select the image you want to use. You can change the size of the background in the Properties panel once the image is imported. Tip To prevent accidental changes, lock a layer by clicking on the second dot directly to the right of the layer name. The dot should change to a padlock icon. Step 4: Create the navigational menu Select the Menu layer from the timeline. From the top menu, select Windows, Components. In the window that appears, double-click the Button component under the User Interface section, which adds a button to the document. Position the button where you want the menu to be. Repeat this process to add as many menu buttons as you need. Step 5: Enhancing the buttons Select the first menu button you added. In Properties, change the instance name to "button1." Change the name displayed on the button by selecting Windows, Component Inspector from the top menu. In the resulting window, change the label value. Continue this process for the remaining buttons. Tip Make sure the instance name is a relevant label with no spaces, capital letters, or special characters. Step 6: Add a title To add a title to your web site, select the text tool from the Tools panel. In Properties, change text attributes, like the number of lines, font, color, and size. Then, click on your document to add text. Step 7: Create the content container Create pages to add content to your site. Select the Pages layer from the timeline, and then click on the rectangle tool in the Tools panel. Adjust color and transparency from the Color panel. Then, draw a rectangle on the document to match the size you want your content to be. Step 8: Hold Shift Add pages in the Pages layer. Hold down the Shift key, and select the Background layer. This will select every layer except for Actions. Step 9: Copy and paste to add pages Right-click (or command-click for Mac) the first frame of the Pages layer and select Copy Frames. Right-click the second frame in the Pages layer, and select Paste Frames. This is where the second page will be. Continue this process for as many pages as you need. Step 10: Adding content Add content. Select the first frame of the Pages layer. In Properties, change the label name to "page1." Then, use the text tool from the tools panel to create the text for the first page. When you are satisfied, go back to the Pages layer, select the second frame, and repeat the process. Continue until you have content for each page. Step 11: Create the Actionscript Select the first frame of the Actions layer and hit F9. In the Actions window, type a stop script to stop the pages from cycling. Hit Enter to go to the next line, and create a function for each button that tells it which page frame to jump to. Hit Enter and write a script that attaches the functions to their corresponding buttons, using the button instance name. Tip To preview the document in action, go to Control › Test Movie from the top menu. Step 12: Publish and upload Publish the web site by going to File, Publish Settings. Check both the SWF and HTML boxes. Rename both files, and select a location to save it to. Then click publish, and upload all of the published files to your web server. To access the Flash page, just navigate to the HTML file on your web server. You're done! Did You Know? The first web site ever created was a phone directory for a nuclear research facility.
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Watch more Diet Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/186262-How-to-Speed-Up-Your-Metabolism Burn more calories without even trying with these metabolism boosters. Step 1: Take cold showers Give yourself occasional blasts of cold water when you shower; it improves circulation, according to research, which can in turn speed up metabolism. Step 2: Don't skip meals Don't go longer than five hours without eating, except when you're sleeping. Skipping meals slows down metabolism. Tip Always eat breakfast to kick-start your metabolism in the morning. Step 3: Eat lean protein Eat lean protein, like skinless chicken or egg whites, at every meal, and aim to make lean protein 30 percent of your daily food intake. A Dutch study found that people who did increased their metabolism all day long, even while they slept! Step 4: Choose the right carbs Choose complex carbohydrates, whole-wheat bread instead of white, and steel-cut oatmeal rather than sugary cereals. They boost metabolism because they are harder to digest than refined carbs are. Tip Spice up your food with red chili pepper, black pepper, and ginger – your body may burn more calories immediately after the meal. Step 5: Get intense bursts of exercise Get short, intense bursts of aerobic exercise for a few minutes every day, whether it's sprinting for a few blocks or pedaling on a stationary bicycle at the most difficult setting you can handle. A study indicated this kind of exercise can speed your metabolism in just two weeks. Step 6: Lift weights Take up weight training. Building muscle increases your resting metabolic rate, the number of calories your body burns when it's doing nothing at all. Some research has shown that weight training can raise a person's resting metabolic rate by 15 percent in 12 weeks. Tip Lifting free weights builds muscles more efficiently than lifting on weight machines. Step 7: Fidget! Move around more during the day, even if it's just small movements while sitting. Studies show that naturally thin people fidget more than heavier people. And fidgeting is a lot easier than working out! Did You Know? Metabolism slows down by about 5 percent for each decade after 40 because of muscle loss and body-fat gain.
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Watch more How to Be Successful videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241321-How-to-Stop-Being-Lazy You can stop being lazy by using these tips to motivate yourself to find an interest in life. Step 1: Make a list Acknowledge the detrimental effects of your laziness. Make a list to motivate you of ways your life would improve if you were more active. Step 2: Get organized Get organized by establishing a strict schedule for yourself. Set your alarm. Step 3: Break the habit Break your addiction to procrastination by avoiding the couch and television – or whatever your go-to distraction is – so that you remain upright and conscious. Tip Consider hypnotherapy. Step 4: Set goals Set goals, replacing phrases like 'should,' 'might,' or 'have to' with the word 'will.' You will psycho-linguistically program yourself to succeed, as research shows goal-oriented people do. Tip Change your diet to help build discipline. Step 5: Exercise regularly Exercise regularly. Endorphins change the chemical balance of the brain and generate a positive attitude. Low activity causes low energy. Step 6: Ask friends for help Lower stress and eliminate unwitting enablers by informing friends of your plans. Their support will keep you accountable. Tip Don’t confuse laziness with an inability to deal with stress. Step 7: Help others Help someone else. Giving to others can get you engaged with the rest of humanity without obsessing about your problems Did You Know? Researchers in Massachusetts have identified the "lazy gene" in mice.
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Watch more Eye Care videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/164458-How-to-Put-In-and-Remove-Contact-Lenses Nothing is worse than having a contact slide under your eyelid. OK, there are worse things. But this is one you easily can avoid. Step 1: Find well-lit mirror Find a well-lit room with a sink and mirror. Tip Close the drain so that if you drop your contact lens, it won't be washed away. Step 2: Wash your hands Wash your hands with unscented soap. Oils and dirt can not only damage your lenses, but could cause eye infections. Tip Always put your contact lens in before applying makeup. Step 3: Wet the lens Using your index finger and thumb, pick up one of the lenses and moisturize it with some contact lens wetting solution. Step 4: Position lens Hold the lens on the tip of your index finger the way it will go into your eye —bowl shaped, with the "cup" facing up. Tip Make sure the lens isn't inside out: If it's a perfect "U" it's fine; if the edges flare out, it needs to be flipped. Step 5: Hold eyelid With one hand, hold the upper eyelid up and the lower lid down. Step 6: Look up Look forward or up slightly and gently place the lens on the white part of your eyeball. Step 7: Blink Blink and look around with your eye to rotate the lens into its proper place. Confirm this by looking in the mirror. Step 8: Repeat Repeat the process with the other eye. Step 9: Wet lens case When you're ready to remove lenses, put a few drops of contact lens solution into your contact lens case. Step 10: Hold down eyelid Looking in the mirror, hold down the lower eyelid of one eye. Step 11: Pinch lens Using an index finger and thumb, gently move the lens to the whites of your eyes, then gently pinch the contact lens and pull it away from your eye. Tip If you're having trouble removing a contact lens, consider using a "plunger." You can get one from your eye doctor. Step 12: Store lens Immediately place the lens into the side of the case that corresponds to the eye from which you removed the lens. Tip Make sure the lens is completely open and not folded onto itself. Step 13: Add solution Do the same with the other eye, then add more solution to the case and close it securely. Did You Know? It's impossible to "lose" a contact lens in the back of your eyeball because of a membrane that connects your eye to the back of your eyelid.
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Watch more Bar Life & the Art of Drinking videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/213803-How-to-Order-Drinks-like-a-Bartender Step 1: Learn this neat terminology Learn the correct terms to specify your drink's temperature. Ordering it "neat" means the liquor will be served right out of the bottle, at room temperature. Ask for it "on the rocks" and it will be poured over ice. Order it "straight up" and the liquor will come at whatever temperature is customary, with no ice. Step 2: Make it a double To get two shots of alcohol in your drink, as opposed to the standard one shot pour, ask the bartender to "make it a double." Step 3: Get something back Want a glass of water or a beer with your drink? Request the shot with a "water back" or "beer back." Step 4: Liquor comes first When ordering a mixed drink, always name the liquor first, as in, "a scotch and soda, please." Step 5: Name your brand If you want a specific brand of liquor, say so, as in, "a Kettle One and tonic." This is known as a "call drink." If you don't name a brand, you'll get a "well drink" made with the bar's default liquor, most often a cheaper bottle. Tip Naming an expensive brand of liquor makes your drink "premium" or "top-shelf," and you'll pay a steeper price. Step 6: Adjust the measurements If you want just a bit of mixer, ask for a "splash," as in, "scotch with a splash of soda." Want more juice or soda in your drink? Put "tall" in front of your drink order; the drink will have the same amount of booze, but will have more mixer because it will be served in a taller glass. Step 7: Request extras If you'd like a piece of lemon or lime peel in the drink, order it "with a twist." Step 8: Leave a tip Leave a tip. A generous one makes up for any boneheaded ordering. Did You Know? Nearly fifty percent of bartenders polled said that customers order fewer, but stronger, drinks during a recession.
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Watch more How to Ace Job Interviews videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/180143-How-to-Ace-a-Telephone-Interview-and-Get-the-Job Step 1: Arrange a good time Arrange a time when you can speak freely without interruptions. That means no kids, dogs, or nosy co-workers anywhere nearby. Tip Keep your resume on hand in case an employer calls unannounced. Step 2: Give good phone Take the call on a landline; cell phones are vulnerable to poor reception and dropped calls. If you have call waiting, check with your phone service about suspending it during scheduled interviews. Whatever phone number you left as your contact, make sure its outgoing message is professional. Step 3: Prepare notes Unlike an in-person interview, you can have notes in front of you. Take advantage by setting up information cheat sheets about the company and your interviewer. Organize your notes in bulleted points so you don't sound rehearsed, and prepare answers to common questions, like, "Why do you want to work for our company?" Tip If your interviewer is in another part of the country, check their local news so you'll have some timely icebreakers ready. Step 4: Know your salary needs Know your salary requirements. Because phone interviews are sometimes a way to narrow an applicant pool, many prospective employers begin the dialogue with that discussion. Step 5: Rehearse Record a mock phone interview with a friend so you can correct any verbal tics like speaking too fast or saying "you know" too often. Step 6: Make silence golden Make sure you're far away from anything that could make a distracting sound, and be sure to mute your computer, cell phone, and PDA to avoid interruptions. Step 7: Give a performance Sit or stand up straight during the interview, wear something professional, and smile when you speak. You may feel silly, but speech experts say it will make you sound more alert and self-possessed. Tip Use a headset if you can. It will allow you to move around and make the gestures you normally make when you speak, which will help you come across as more relaxed and confident. Step 8: Shut up occasionally Don't be a blabbermouth. The interviewer is likely taking notes, so give them some time to do so. Step 9: Send a thank you End a phone interview the way you would end an in-person one – by sending a written note or e-mail thanking the interviewer for their time and reiterating your interest in the position. Did You Know? A candidate who flushed the toilet during a phone interview made a top-10 list of the worst job-hunter blunders.
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Watch more How to Prepare for a Baby videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/190644-How-to-Make-a-PregnancyBelly-Cast Immortalize your pregnancy by making a cast of your belly. Step 1: Lay down a tarp Lay down a tarp or some newspapers and cover a chair with an old sheet. Making a cast is a messy job. Step 2: Get materials ready Set a large bowl of water on the tarp for dipping the strips. Cut the preplastered gauze into strips 12 to 18 inches long, and snip three small squares to cover the belly button – plus six more for the nipples if you're including breasts in the cast. Step 3: Prepare the mom-to-be Have the mother-to-be strip down to a pair of underpants she doesn't mind getting ruined; then rub petroleum jelly or cocoa butter on all areas you plan to include in the cast. Have her sit at the edge of a chair or stool. Tip Remind the expectant mom to use the bathroom before the casting begins because she won't be able to move for about an hour. Step 4: Begin plastering Put on a pair of latex gloves. Begin dipping strips into the water and patting them onto the mother's chest and belly. Use the small squares on the navel and nipples, pressing them gently so they conform to the surface. Avoid covering these areas with larger strips; you want the cast to preserve those shapes. Tip The cast will be sturdier if you overlap the layers in different directions. Step 5: Work quickly Apply at least three layers. Work quickly! The plaster starts drying within minutes. Step 6: Let it dry Let the cast dry, which should take 20 to 30 minutes. Step 7: Remove gently Gently pull the cast off the mom, and wipe off any excess plaster. Place the cast on the newspapers or tarp, belly-side up, and let it dry for another 48 hours. Step 8: Even out bumps Even out bumps with a piece of sandpaper until the cast is smooth. Step 9: Seal it Seal the cast by brushing on gesso, a canvas primer you can find in art supply stores. Voila! Your pregnancy belly is preserved for posterity. Did You Know? Did you know? Bobbi McCaughey's waist measured 55 inches when she gave birth to septuplets in November 1997, and her belly was about twice the size of a typical full-term stomach.
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Watch more Sauces, Dressings & Condiments videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218415-How-to-Make-Jams-and-Preserves Step 1: Wash your canning jars, along with their lids and screw bands, in very hot, soapy water. Rinse well and let them air dry. Check for cracks and chips before using. Tip Only use jars made specifically for canning. Step 2: Rinse the fruit. Remove skins, stems, and peels, and quarter the fruit if necessary. Toss it with the sugar and refrigerate the mixture overnight. Tip Add lemon juice to cut sweetness if you like. Step 3: Put the teaspoon in the freezer. Put the fruit mixture in a large, heavy-bottomed saucepan, bring it to a low boil, lower the heat, and let it simmer until it thickens and becomes syrupy. This will take anywhere from five to 20 minutes, depending on the kind of fruit you use. Tip Test jam for doneness by scooping up about half a teaspoon with the chilled teaspoon. If it cools to the consistency you like, it's done. If not, boil it a bit longer. Step 4: As the fruit is simmering, sterilize the jars and lids according to the canner's instructions. Leave them submerged in the hot water until they're ready to be filled. Step 5: Remove the sterilized jars from the canner with a jar lifter or stainless-steel tongs and place them on clean dish towels. Drain them upside down for one minute. Then, ladle the hot fruit mixture into the jars, leaving a quarter-inch space on top and taking care not to splash any on the sealing area. Wipe the rims with a clean, damp cloth, and then screw on the lids. Step 6: Carefully lower the jars into your canner. Add enough water to fill the pot two inches above the jars and cover. When the water comes to a boil, let them boil for 10 minutes. If the water level hits the top of the jars, add more boiling water. Tip If you plan to eat the jam within two weeks, skip boiling and just refrigerate it. You can also store it in the freezer until you're ready to eat it if you've used wide-mouth canning jars made for freezing. Step 7: Turn off the heat and remove the canner lid. Wait five minutes, then remove the jars carefully using the jar lifter or tongs. Let them cool on a towel, spaced at least one inch apart, for 24 hours. Don't attempt to retighten the jars. Step 8: When the jars are cool, make sure they're correctly sealed by looking for a slight indentation in the lid. If any did not seal properly, refrigerate them and eat the jam within two weeks. Wash the outside of the other jars and store in a cool, dry place, out of direct light. They'll keep for about six months. Warning Look for signs of spoilage, which include a bulging lid, leakage, a hissing sound when the lid is opened, mold, bubbles, a bad smell, or fruit that looks discolored or slimy. If you see any of these signs, toss it. Step 9: Enjoy your homemade jam, or make gifts out of it by nestling a jar in a cloth-lined basket with scones. Did You Know? Marmalade is thought to have been created in 1561 by the physician to Mary, Queen of Scots, when he mixed orange and crushed sugar to treat her seasickness.
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Watch more Introduction to Sushi Making videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/194-How-to-Prepare-Fish-for-Sushi While sushi masters train for years to perfect their fish-cutting techniques, you don't have to be quite so exacting. But the more carefully you slice it, the tastier your results. Step 1: Cut into uniform slabs Cut your filets into even, uniform slabs by examining the fish pieces and, in one even motion, trimming away any uneven sides. Tip To keep your cuts even and your fish neat, wipe your fingers and knife blade on a damp kitchen towel between each cut. Step 2: Slice off top In one motion, slice off the top 1/8-inch of your filet to remove uneven flesh, skin, or scales. Step 3: Slice off bottom If necessary, do the same to the bottom of the filet. Step 4: Trim dark pieces Trim off any dark-colored pieces of fish. Step 5: Repeat steps Repeat these steps to trim and square off your other filets, until all your fish is ready to be cut into sushi-sized portions. Step 6: Notice grain & angle Notice the 'grain' of your fish. Lay one of the trimmed filets on your cutting board so its grain sits at a 45-degree angle to the bottom edge of the board. Step 7: Slice off slabs Position your blade at a 45-degree angle to the filet, and cut on the bias across the grain, slicing off slabs about 1/4-inch thick. Just before you've cut all the way through the filet, straighten your knife and slice down to detach the slab from the filet. Step 8: Proceed w/ recipe Once you've sliced all your fillets into slabs, you're ready to proceed with the sushi recipe of your choice. Did You Know? The FDA does not regulate the term 'sushi grade'— but it dose suggest guidelines for the storage and preparation of raw fish.
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Watch more Indoor Plants & Container Gardening videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/176914-How-to-Grow-an-Herb-Garden-Indoors There's nothing nicer than being able to pluck fresh herbs from your own little garden – especially when that garden is right in your home! Step 1: Choose your herbs Decide which herbs you'd like to plant. Basil, cilantro, chives, marjoram, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, and thyme all grow well indoors. Step 2: Get containers For each herb, get a container that measures, from end to end, one-third to one-half the expected height of the grown plant. Buy ones especially made for herbs from a gardening center, or use a clean milk carton or yogurt cup; just make sure you punch a hole in the bottom for drainage. Tip Basil needs a large pot because of its extensive roots. Step 3: Cover the bottom and add soil Place pottery shards or gravel in the bottom of each container for drainage, and then put each container on a saucer. Fill the containers with planter soil, or use potting soil mixed with perlite. Step 4: Plant your seeds Plant the seeds according to the package's instructions. Most should be sown close to the surface. Step 5: Find a sunny spot Find a spot where the plants will get a lot of sunshine. A south- or west-facing window works best. Tip If you don't have a sunny window, put your herb garden under fluorescent light for 12 hours a day. Step 6: Water carefully Water once a week, or whenever the soil an inch down feels dry. Add enough water so that a little runs out of the hole at the bottom of the pot. Pour out any that collects in the saucer. Step 7: Consider using starter plants Consider growing some or all of your herbs from starter plants, which you can get from gardening centers. Some herbs, like mint, sage, thyme, and savory, take a long time to develop from seeds. Step 8: Savor your herbs Savor the luxury of snipping off some fresh herbs whenever you want to spice up a dish. Did You Know? In ancient Greece, students wore garlands of rosemary while studying for exams to help their memory. Today, it is being studied as a possible Alzheimer's treatment.
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Like these Desserts !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1PCxoZe Watch more Delicious Desserts videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/120087-How-to-Make-ChocolateCovered-Strawberries What's a more sensual dessert than chocolate-covered strawberries? Step 1: Prepare the strawberries Gently rinse the strawberries, leaving on the green caps. Do this a few hours before you plan to dip the berries, so they’re completely dry. Step 2: Cover a cookie sheet Cover a cookie sheet with wax paper. Step 3: Melt the chocolate Melt the chocolate in a microwave-safe dish using the 'defrost' setting. Microwave it in 10-second increments, stirring with a wooden spoon in between. Take care not to burn it. Tip If the melted chocolate is too thick, add vegetable oil a few drops at a time until you have the right consistency for dipping. Step 4: Start dipping Spear the cap of each strawberry with a toothpick, and use it to dip the bottom two-thirds of the berry into the melted chocolate. Lift it out of the chocolate, rotate it clockwise, and wait until the strawberry is no longer dripping before laying it gently on the wax paper. Tip For fancier strawberries, dip the ends into coconut flakes, crushed pistachios, or sprinkles before putting them on the cookie sheet. Or let them harden for 10 minutes before drizzling some melted white chocolate over them with a fork. Step 5: Chill Chill the strawberries in the refrigerator for at least an hour and up to eight hours before serving. They will last about two hours at room temperature before they start to melt. Did You Know? Tom Kron, who made chocolate for Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, invented the chocolate-covered strawberry.
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Watch more Cough, Flu & Cold Remedies videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/201208-How-to-Reduce-a-Fever-Naturally Having a fever doesn't mean you have to run to the doctor. Here are some simple ways to bring your temperature down without medicine. Step 1: Get lots of rest Your body is running a high temperature because of an infection, so get plenty of rest. This lets your body concentrate fully on fighting the infection. Step 2: Drink lots of fluids Drinking a lot of water – 10 8-ounce glasses a day at least when you're sick – keeps your body hydrated, and will also lower your internal temperature. Step 3: Take a lukewarm bath Take a nice lukewarm bath. Not too hot, which could escalate the fever, and not too cold, which could shock your system. This will lower your skin temperature gradually. Tip Avoid cooling off the body too quickly, or you won't rid yourself of the infection your body is fighting. Step 4: Cool washcloths Place cool – not cold – washcloths on the wrists, under the arm, on the forehead, and over the groin. Using cool, damp rags over these four key areas will slowly cool the body. Step 5: Put damp socks on your feet While you're putting cool rags over various body parts, put a pair of cool, damp socks on your feet, with a dry pair over the top. This lets your ankles cool while still allowing you to walk around. Step 6: Keep the home a moderate temperature Even though a person running a fever may feel cold, do not overheat the home. Instead, keep the house at a moderate temperature of 70 to 74 degrees. Step 7: Don't wear heavy clothing A person running a fever should not wear heavy clothes or wrap themselves in heavy blankets. Doing so makes it difficult for the body to shed extra heat; instead, wear light clothing. Step 8: Monitor the fever If these remedies don't work and a baby less than 3 months old is running a temperature of more than 101 degrees, or a child or adult's temperature is over 103 degrees, see a doctor. Did You Know? Fever is also known as Pyrexia, which comes from the Greek word meaning fire.
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Watch more How to Discipline Children videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/166135-How-to-Reform-a-Spoiled-Brat Is your child a gimme monster? Put a lid on demands and tantrums with these tips. Step 1: Set an example Be a good role model. If you moan and whine when things don't go your way, it won't go unnoticed. Step 2: Be consistent Stand up to your children even when it seems easier to give in. Part of your job in preparing your children for life is to teach them that they can't always get what they want. Step 3: Teach them to give Go through your child's toys together periodically and pick ones that can go to charity. This will teach them the importance of giving and not just receiving. Step 4: Give them your time Do things with your child that don't involve spending money. Your undivided attention is the best gift you can give them. Step 5: Give them chores Give them chores so they learn responsibility. Tip Make a chore chart for your child outlining what is expected of them and on which days. Step 6: Don't bribe them Never bribe your children to behave reasonably or responsibly, or they will begin to expect compensation for doing the right thing. Tip Never bribe your children to eat a healthy food. Studies indicate it makes them like the item even less. Step 7: Rein in the relatives Ask friends and relatives to respect the limits you set. There's no point in setting boundaries if other people are going to step right over them. Step 8: Know the consequences Know the consequences of spoiling a child: Studies indicate that spoiled children are more likely grow into unmotivated and depressed teenagers, and to abuse drugs and alcohol. Did You Know? Eighty percent of Americans believe today's children are more spoiled than the previous generation.
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Watch more How to Find Public Records & Legal Documents videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241961-How-to-Legally-Change-Your-Name Marriage, divorce, or just dislike of the name your parents gave you – all are reasons to follow these steps toward a new name. Step 1: Choose a new name Decide what you want your new name to be. Be sure that the name meets your state's guidelines for allowed changes. Tip Avoid choosing a new name that is deliberately confusing, or that might be considered offensive or obscene. Step 2: Contact your county government Contact your county government offices to determine which court handles name change requests. It varies by state and county, but typically it is the probate or family law court. Step 3: Learn about required documents and fees Learn about what documents and fees are required for you to change your name in your home county. A birth certificate and social security card are usually required. Tip Get a certified copy of your marriage license if you are legally changing your last name to your spouse's. Step 4: Fill out a petition for name change form Fill out a petition for name change form, have it notarized, and file it with the appropriate court office. Step 5: Appear before the court Schedule an official hearing, where the judge will either grant or deny your request for a name change. Tip Be prepared to affirm the information on your petition for a name change under oath during your court hearing. Step 6: Change your name on all other official government documents Change your name on all other official government documents, such as your driver's license and passport. Contact each government agency to make the change. Step 7: Use your new name Use your new name consistently – at home and at work. Soon everyone will know the new you. Did You Know? John Wayne's given name was Marion Morrison.
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Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more Cat Care & Grooming videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/165166-How-to-Care-for-an-Elderly-Cat Life expectancy has increased dramatically for cats. They routinely live into their late teens, and as a result, might need a little more help than when they were younger. Step 1: Build ramps or stairs Older cats are less active and have trouble reaching things, so build ramps or buy pet stairs to help Kitty onto his favorite chair or windowsill. Step 2: Schedule checkups Schedule veterinary checkups every 6 months. Tip Ask your vet whether you should change your aging kitty's diet. For instance, some older cats do better on a diet of canned food. Step 3: Keep cat away from drafts Make sure eating, sleeping, and litter areas are in cozy spots throughout the home, far from any drafts. Older cats feel the cold more easily than youngsters. Step 4: Groom cat Self-grooming habits may take a hit as your kitty's joints become stiff. Remove loose hair and stimulate circulation by brushing or combing your cat once a week. Tip Approach a cat with hearing problems from the front to avoid startling him. Step 5: Keep fresh water within reach Kidney function often declines in an older cat. Keep fresh water within easy reach. Tip If your cat seems to drink and urinate much more than usual, schedule a vet appointment. Kidney medication can be very helpful. Step 6: Keep cats indoors Be extra vigilant about keeping older cats indoors—the sad truth is that some older cats go out and don't come back. Step 7: Give him attention Though your cat may not be as frisky or playful as he once was, he needs your love just as much as ever. Take time to give him extra attention—and lift him onto your lap for a cuddle if he can't jump as well these days. Did You Know? Cats were considered sacred in ancient Egypt, and many pet cats were mummified—sometimes with a handful of embalmed mice by their sides.
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Watch more Healthy Eating videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218307-How-to-Develop-Healthy-Eating-Habits Good health is just a matter of taking a new approach to eating and making simple changes. Step 1: Cook your own meals Cook and prepare your own meals as often as you can. This will help you avoid eating processed and fast foods, which are higher in sodium and fat. Tip Healthy, low-fat recipes and guidance are available in bookstores and on the internet. Step 2: Make a shopping list Plan healthy meals and make a shopping list. Fill your cart with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grain foods, and lean meats. Step 3: Read nutrition labels Read nutrition labels. Pay attention to saturated fat, sodium, and sugar. The higher their numbers, the unhealthier they are. Step 4: Eat breakfast Eat breakfast every day. Breakfast helps to rev up your metabolism. Make it a habit to eat something within the first hour after you wake up. Step 5: Eat every three to four hours Try to eat small meals every three to four hours. Aim for three small, balanced meals and two snacks. Step 6: Drink plenty of water Drink plenty of water every day. Water hydrates the body and aids the digestive system. And it's calorie-free! Step 7: Feel the difference Feel the difference in your body -- more energy and stamina -- as well as sharper thinking as you feed your body healthy foods. Step 8: A study found that more than 16 percent of U.S. children and teens are obese.
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Watch more Healthy Eating videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/210843-How-to-Eat-Better If your personal food pyramid replaces “Grains” with “Pizza” and “Fruits and Vegetables” with “Taco Sauce,” it’s time to make some changes. Step 1: Eat whole, unprocessed foods whenever possible. This means fresh or frozen fruits instead of canned, whole grains instead of enriched flour, brown rice instead of white rice, and as little fast food as possible. Tip Avoid 'low-fat' or 'zero-calorie' processed foods, as they typically have more sugar and salt. Refining grains also removes bran, which contains most of the vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Step 2: Follow the FDA’s recommendations to eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day. Try sprinkling berries in your cereal, drinking a fruit smoothie or juice, and adding extra veggies to your pasta sauce, pizza, casseroles, and even sandwiches. Tip An official serving size is: a medium piece of fruit, a ½ cup of chopped fruit, ¾ cup of pure juice, a ¼ cup of dried fruit, a ½ cup raw or cooked vegetables, or a cup of leafy vegetables. Step 3: Pay attention to what, how much, and how often you eat. Absentminded eating is one of the greatest threats to successful weight management and long-term health. Tip Don’t multitask when eating. You’ll often stuff your face with nutritionally poor foods that are convenient but not healthy. Step 4: Try to drink 64 ounces of non-caffeinated fluids every day—the majority of which should be plain, pure water. A glass with every meal will help your digestion, keep you full, and help your mood—and if you drink it before eating, it can stave off hunger pangs. Step 5: Eat fish twice a week: it’s packed with top-quality protein, as well as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that can protect your heart and brain from damage and disease. Step 6: It’s okay to splurge and eat something less-than-healthy now and then, just be sure to watch out how much and how often. Did You Know? The diet industry in the United States rakes in over $40 billion a year.
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Watch more Outdoor Games videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218017-How-to-Play-Capture-the-Flag Get out your army pants and prepare to conquer your backyard. Step 1: Choose teams Divide the players into two teams of equal size. Step 2: Find playing field Find a large outdoor playing field that includes both open and wooded areas. Step 3: Mark territories Divide the playing field in half. Mark the boundaries with large sticks or rocks, or choose part of the landscape – like a street, fence, or stream – as the border. Tip Each team’s territory should have similar terrain. One side should not be open while the other is wooded. Step 4: Set up your flags Tie the flags to sticks – one for each team. Each team plants its flag near the back of its territory, out of the other team’s sight. The flags should be at eye level and plainly visible at 20 yards from at least one angle. Step 5: Build your jails Using rocks or sticks and string as markers, each team marks a space for its jail. Tip Don’t place the jails within sight of the flags. You don’t want your prisoners to know where your flag is! Step 6: Organize your team Divide your team into offense and defense. Switch roles occasionally to keep the game interesting. Step 7: Attempt to capture flag The team on offense attempts to steal the other team’s flag and transport it back across the border into their own territory without getting captured. Step 8: Take prisoners The defense team captures players from the other team by tagging them while they’re in defensive territory and putting them in jail. To free captured teammates, the offense team tags them inside the enemy jail and runs back across the border with them. Tip Hide players near the border and around your flag to catch your opponents as they sneak into your territory. Step 9: Play again Once one team captures the other’s flag, switch teams and play again. Did You Know? In 1818 Congress declared the U.S. flag would have 13 stripes, for the 13 original colonies, and 1 star for each state.
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Watch more Family Meals videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/201207-How-to-Handle-a-Picky-Eater Getting fussy children to eat nutritious food takes a little bit of psychology on your part. And a lot of patience! Step 1: Respect their fears Don't be too hard on a child who avoids trying new foods. Researchers have discovered that some children are genetically predisposed to food neophobia, or the fear of unfamiliar food. Step 2: Analyze their preferences Think about the foods your child will and won't eat and look for patterns. There may be a texture that your child doesn't like, but if the same food is prepared a different way, they may enjoy them (or at least eat them). Tip Many kids who won't eat cooked carrots will gobble them up raw. Step 3: Bring home new foods Keep introducing new foods. A child who turns up their nose at vegetables may not necessarily be a picky eater; they may just hate the veggies you're accustomed to serving. Tip Involve your child in picking out an exotic fruit or vegetable "of the week" and they'll be more likely to try it. Step 4: Be creative Be creative about how you serve foods. Studies show kids are more likely to eat stuff they can dip and scoop. Tip Have your children help prepare food; it will increase their interest in eating it. Step 5: Don't bribe them Don't reward children for eating a food they don't like with one they do like. Bribing them this way reinforces the idea of one food as "bad" and one food as "good," which only serves to make them dislike the "bad" food even more. Step 6: Eat your veggies Eat your food – with gusto! Children take their cues from you; if you act like broccoli is something to be enjoyed, not endured, they'll be more likely to feel that way, too. Step 7: Don't give up Make it a rule that your child has to take at least one bite of whatever you prepare, even if it is something they hate. Research shows it can take as many as 10 exposures to acquire a taste for a food. Did You Know? There is little difference in overall nutrient intake between so-called picky eaters and good ones, according to a study.
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Watch more How to Prepare for a Baby videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/164882-How-to-Adopt-a-Child The adoption process can be long and taxing. Start off right by learning the basic procedure. Step 1: Learn the requirements Find out the qualifications to adopt. In the U.S., adoption laws vary from state to state. For international adoptions, check federal regulations and the requirements of the child's native country. Tip Requirements for international adoptions by U.S. citizens are usually stricter. Step 2: Decide your requirements Decide your requirements. Are you open to adopting an older child? Or a child of a different race, a baby with health problems, or siblings? Could you live with an "open adoption," where the birth mother remains in your baby's life? Step 3: Find an agency Sign up with an adoption agency. Your chances of getting a newborn, as opposed to an older child, will be higher with a private agency than with a government agency. Tip Private adoption agencies are more expensive that state-run agencies and may require you to hire a lawyer. Step 4: Get a resume together Put a resume together, which explains your qualifications for becoming a parent. Include photos and a heartfelt letter to any moms-to-be who decide to be involved in the adoption process. Step 5: Prepare for scrutiny Prepare to be scrutinized. Before an agency accepts someone, they must pass background checks, be fingerprinted, get a clean bill of health, present their income tax returns and other relevant documents, and prove that their home is suitable for a child. Some states also require prospective parents to complete a parenting workshop. Step 6: Spread the word While you're waiting to hear from the adoption agency, you can also start your own search: Run classified ads in newspapers and online, and post flyers in hospitals and women's health clinics. Make sure friends and family know you're looking to adopt, too. Tip If you find a birth mother on your own, hire an adoption attorney to draw up a contract and handle the financial details. Step 7: Look into "snowflake adoption" Another option is to look into frozen-embryo adoption, known as "snowflake adoption," where couples that have tried in vitro fertilization donate their unused embryos to would-be parents. Step 8: Be patient Be patient. The process can take months or even years. But a child is well worth the wait. Did You Know? In a landmark study on adopted children, adoptees rated their parents more favorably than did their non-adopted peers.
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Watch more Digestion & Stomach Problems videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218345-How-to-Prevent-Seasickness Being sick at home is hard; being sick on a boat is unbearable! Keep seasickness from ruining your vacation. Step 1: Consider preventive medication Think preventively. Take an over-the-counter antihistamine 1/2 hour prior to boarding the boat or at the first signs of seasickness. You can also consult your doctor for prescription medication. Step 2: Drink plenty of water before you get on the boat Drink plenty of water prior to boarding. Dehydration can make you dizzy and cause nausea. Tip Avoid drinking alcohol, which can cause dehydration and nausea. Step 3: Eat right Eat right before heading out. Bread and other grains, apples, and bananas are all good choices. Avoid anything greasy or acidic. Step 4: Position yourself where motion is less noticeable Find a spot on board where motion is least noticeable, such as the inner-middle part of the boat. Tip A window can help put the rocking motion into perspective but can also worsen the feelings of nausea as more objects are moving. Step 5: Stare into the horizon Focus on the horizon and scenery rather than the water or the movement of the boat. If you feel queasy, stand; sitting or lying down can increase nausea. Step 6: Eat hard candy Suck on hard candy or eat dry crackers to help keep nausea in check. Did You Know? Did you know? Some people who take long cruises suffer "landsickness" for a few days after their trip as their body readjusts to being on firm ground.
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Watch more Personal Security & Self-Defense videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/266263-How-to-Escape-a-Choke-Hold If someone wraps their arm around your throat from behind, this technique can help free you. Step 1: Grab their arm Using both of your hands, grab onto the arm that is choking you. Step 2: Shrug your shoulders Now shrug your shoulders while at the same time pointing your head down, so your chin is nestled in the crook of their elbow. Sink forward. Step 3: Trap their leg Next, swing your leg – the one that's on the side of the arm strangling you – behind their leg and hook your calf around their calf. Tip Make sure you really trap their leg with yours, as opposed to just lightly placing it behind their leg. Step 4: Turn around Make a sharp, 180-degree turn in the direction of the arm that's choking you, and then pull the assailant across your body. Step 5: Escape Make your getaway. Did You Know? Women who learn self-defense skills have higher self-esteem, according to a study.
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Watch more Filmmaking 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/201980-How-to-Make-a-Storyboard Making a storyboard before shooting a movie is like drawing a blueprint before grabbing a hammer and nails. Do it well, and make sure your film is structurally sound. Step 1: Pick aspect ratio Pick an aspect ratio for shooting. Tip The aspect ratio is the physical proportion of the image you’re capturing, measured horizontally then vertically. Most television is 4:3 and film is typically 16:9. Step 2: Multiply the ratio by ¼ inch Multiply the dimensions of your aspect ratio by a ¼ inch. Step 3: Draw frames With a pencil and a ruler, draw out boxes, called frames, on 11-by-17-inch paper. They should match the dimensions from Step 2, and there should be at least four frames on each sheet of paper with a fair amount of space under each for script, directions, and notes. Tip You can also draw these boxes using a computer layout program. Step 4: Make enough sheets for the project Reproduce as many storyboard sheets as you will need for your project. Step 5: Start drawing Using your script as a guide, start drawing. Use one frame for every cut, or in animation, one frame per specific gesture or motion. Tip Add notes for scenes that require extra attention, such as pans, tilts, crane movements, or zooms. Step 6: Draw important scenes first on separate sheets Draw key scenes first on separate sheets, making it easier to rearrange them. Step 7: Check your script Continuously check your script. Rearrange parts of the storyboard as you go if you need to make edits. Step 8: Show it off Use your completed storyboard to show people how you envision your script coming to life. Did You Know? The storyboarding process was first developed by the Walt Disney Studios in the early 1930s.
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Watch more New Parents Survival Kit videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/210454-How-to-Keep-a-Baby-Calm-on-a-Flight Reduce your chances of becoming the seatmate everyone hates by learning how to head off a screaming jag. Step 1: Go midday Try to arrange your flight so it coincides with your baby’s naptime or bedtime so they’ll be sleepy. Tip Fly midweek, and midday if you can; flights then are less crowded. Step 2: Sit near the wing Request a seat over the wing. That’s where the engines are located, and some moms find the noise lulls infants to sleep. Tip Don’t check your baby stroller; use it all the way to the gate, and then ask the gate attendants to stow it. Step 3: Feed your baby Feed your baby during takeoff and landing, or give them a pacifier. Sucking and swallowing helps prevent the painful earache that can develop due to air pressure changes in the cabin. And offer them your breast or a bottle often during the flight to prevent dehydration. Tip The Transportation Security Administration allows you to bring more than three ounces of baby formula, breast milk, or juice so long as you declare these items for inspection at the checkpoint. Step 4: Walk with them Walk your baby up and down the aisle if they start to fuss. The combination of the motion and the change of scenery can stop a crying fit in its tracks. Bring a baby sling to make pacing more pleasant. Step 5: Check their diapers Check their diapers often so a soggy or poopy diaper doesn’t have a chance to send them into a tizzy. Step 6: Escape to the bathroom Nothing working? Hide in the bathroom for a while (as long as you’re not inconveniencing other passengers). The close quarters will provide a soothing cocoon for you and your baby, and you’ll escape the nasty looks of your seatmates for a while! Did You Know? Seventy-one percent of travelers surveyed think families with young children should sit in their own section of a plane.
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Watch more Housekeeping Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/151542-How-to-Clean-with-Baking-Soda When it comes to household versatility, baking soda is king. Here are just some of the many cleaning uses for sodium bicarbonate. Step 1: Remove stains Get rid of stains on countertops, sinks, bathtubs, and any nonporous surface you can think of with a paste of three parts baking soda to one part water. Apply the paste to a damp sponge, scrub away, and rinse. Tip Baking soda works well on metallic surfaces, like chrome or stainless steel. It won’t scratch the surface, but it’s abrasive enough to remove residue and leave the metal shining. Step 2: Reduce odors An open box of baking soda in the refrigerator or a cupboard will absorb odors and excess moisture. A sprinkle in shoes and socks helps reduce foot odor. To combat a stinky carpet, drizzle with dry baking soda and vacuum it up after 15 minutes. Tip Using a bowl instead of an open container is more effective because more baking soda is exposed. Step 3: Deter ants Ant infestation? Sprinkling equal parts baking soda and salt near high-traffic ant areas will keep them in their place. Step 4: Unclog drains Pour half a cup of baking soda into a clogged drain, followed by a cup of white vinegar. Let the solution bubble for a few minutes, and then flush it down with plenty of hot water. This method won’t clear heavy-duty clogs, but it works well for minor ones. Step 5: Keep laundry bright Add a half-cup of baking soda to a load of wash along with your regular detergent. It helps keep clothes brighter, longer. Step 6: Wash brushes and combs To remove oil and dirt from hairbrushes and combs, first remove excess hair; then soak in a tall container of warm water with a teaspoon of baking soda. Step 7: Reduce bug-bite itch To reduce itching, mix baking soda with just enough water to make a paste, and apply it with a cotton swab to the bug bite. The paste can also help relieve a painful sunburn. Step 8: Whiten your teeth Sprinkle a small amount of baking soda onto a wet toothbrush to clean and whiten your teeth naturally. Practice this method sparingly, as it will wear down your enamel if used too often. Did You Know? In 2007, a company unveiled a process that converts harmful carbon dioxide emissions from smokestacks into consumer-grade baking soda.
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Watch more Skin Care 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/223532-How-to-Get-Great-Skin-like-a-Celebrity Not everyone in Hollywood owes their nice complexion to a dermatologist. Here are some homespun beauty secrets you can steal. Step 1: Exfoliate your skin with a mixture of sugar and extra virgin olive oil. That's how Christie Brinkley stays so youthful; it's like giving yourself a mini microdermabrasion. Tip Jessical Biel adds sugar to her regular cleanser when she wants to slough away dead skin. Step 2: Nourish your skin the way Nicky Hilton does: Massage vitamin C into your face. You can buy it in liquid form in health food stores. Step 3: Keep your washcloths in the fridge so they're nice and cold when you use them; supermodel Rachel Hunter has said she learned this trick in Japan. It reduces redness and swelling, makes pores appear smaller, gets rid of puffy eyes, and gives your complexion a healthy pink glow. Step 4: Moisturize like Shania Twain: She finds there's nothing like Bag Balm – an ointment made to soften a cow's udder for milking – to make her complexion silky. Step 5: Smooth your skin with honey: TV host and former model Padma Lakshmi washes her face, then slathers on the sticky stuff in the shower. She swears it acts as a smoothening agent. Catherine Zeta-Jones uses honey for the same reason. Step 6: Remove your makeup with petroleum jelly; that's how Jennifer Lopez cleans and moisturizes her face at the same time. For an environmentally friendly option, look for plant-based un-petroleum jelly. Did You Know? Sixty-one percent of women polled would most want to swap hair, makeup, and accessory tips with Jennifer Aniston.
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Watch more Filmmaking 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217933-How-to-Sell-a-Screenplay You may have written the next Hollywood blockbuster – but unless you can finance the film yourself, you'll need to sell the screenplay to a producer who can make it come to life. Step 1: Finish an entire script Write and revise an entire script. Unless you already have a reputation, you won't be able to sell a treatment, a synopsis, or anything else but a full, complete script. In the industry, this is known as a "spec" script. Tip Make sure your screenplay is properly formatted. You can find information on proper screenplay format online. Or, use script-writing software to simplify the process. Step 2: Register your script Register your screenplay with the Writers Guild of America. Got to wga.org to find out about the registration process and how it can protect you. Step 3: Come up with The Sentence Distill the plot of the screenplay down into one sentence, known as the "logline." Whenever you meet anyone who might be interested or might know someone who is interested in your screenplay, you can tell them the story without wasting their time with 15 minutes of explanation. Step 4: Research potential markets Generate a list of potential markets by identifying the production companies that make films similar to yours. Reference books and typing production companies' names into a search engine can help you locate mailing addresses and the right contact names. Step 5: Send out letters Send query letters to production companies, and to agents listed in the Hollywood Creative Directory. Your query should be no longer than a page, and should include a one-line summary of your screenplay, a synopsis, and a self-addressed, stamped envelope for their reply. Tip Do not send unsolicited screenplays. They will be ignored and filed – in the trash bin.InkTip is a website that has a newsletter you can subscribe to that you get weekly requests for scripts from production companies and producers. I've noticed some good companies requesting lately. Step 6: Sell If an agent likes what they see, they'll take over the job of selling your screenplay, and they'll take a commission of your earnings if a production company buys your work. Or even better, a production company might purchase it directly from you or offer you an option – payment for exclusive rights to produce your screenplay within a certain timeframe. Did You Know? In 2005, the Writers Guild of America registered 40,000 screenplays.
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Watch more Candy Recipes videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/148721-How-to-Make-Lollipops Crafting these sugary treats is a snap. Warning Use caution when working with hot candy syrup. Children should be supervised at all times. Step 1: Prepare the molds If you’re using molds, spray them with nonstick cooking spray. Place the lollipop sticks inside the molds, and put them on the baking sheets. Otherwise, spray the baking sheets directly. Step 2: Dissolve the sugar Add the water, sugar, and cream of tartar to a saucepan, and heat the mixture on medium. Stir the mix until the sugar dissolves. Step 3: Heat the syrup Turn up the burner to high, and boil the mixture for about 10 minutes, until it turns amber in color. Do not stir. Check the temperature with a candy thermometer. The syrup should reach 300 degrees. Tip If you don’t have a thermometer, spoon a drop of syrup into a glass of ice-cold water. If, after five seconds, it forms easily breakable threads, it’s ready. Step 4: Color and flavor Remove the saucepan from heat and dunk the bottom in a bowl of ice and water to stop cooking. Quickly stir in coloring and flavoring if you’re using them. If not, don’t worry—plain lollipops are tasty, too. Step 5: Form lollipops With a teaspoon, fill the lollipop molds. If you’re not using them, pour a 2-inch pool of syrup directly onto the baking sheets, and put a lollipop stick in it. Repeat across each baking sheet. Work quickly; if the mixture gets too thick to pour easily, return it to the stove and heat it briefly to thin it out. Step 6: Cool Let the pops cool for at least 15 minutes before removing them from the molds or using a spatula to pry them from the baking sheet. They’re ready to eat! Tip If you’ve got syrup left over after filling the molds, reheat it in the saucepan and pour it over ice cream for a candy-coated treat. Step 7: Wrap Package your lollipops in clear or colored wrappers. Tie each with a ribbon or string. Did You Know? Salvador Dali designed the logo for Chupa Chups, a Spanish candymaker that sells about 4 billion lollipops worldwide each year.
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Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/164484-How-to-Increase-Your-Odds-of-Surviving-a-Disaster The people who walk away from catastrophes all have a few things in common. Now you can follow their lead. Step 1: Have drills Hold drills with your family for fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, and other disasters until the repetition locks the life-saving behavior into their brain. People react best in an emergency if they’re trained to go on automatic pilot. Tip When flying, always listen to the flight attendant’s instructions and read the safety card in your seat pocket, no matter how many times you’ve heard it all before. Step 2: Be safe, not sorry Don’t waste time debating whether the building is really on fire or not. Get out at the first sign of danger, and ask questions later. Tip If you see people frozen with fear, yell at them. This is what flight attendants are trained to do to get shocked passengers to leave a burning plane. Step 3: Hurry up! For heaven’s sake, hurry up! Amazingly, people are inclined to dawdle during an emergency, rather than acting as quickly as possible. Step 4: Leave everything behind Leave everything behind. The few seconds you took to grab your iPhone could be the few seconds that cost you your life. Step 5: Befriend your neighbors Get to know your neighbors. That’s who will be next to you when a catastrophe strikes. Did You Know? 'Group think,' where people follow each other and wait for instructions rather than thinking for themselves, is more common in an emergency than stampeding.
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